Four Visions of Society (Summary) Essay examples
The concept of society refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture. The four visions of society addresses the forces that shape human life.
GERHARD AND JEAN LENSKI: SOCIETY AND TECHNOLOGY
The first vision, Gerhard and Jean Lenski focus their research on sociocultural evolution, or the changes that occur as a society gains new technology. There were five types of societies, namely: (1) Hunting and Gathering Societies, (2) Horticultural and Pastoral Societies, (3) Agrarian Societies, (4) Industrial Societies, and (5) Postindustrial Societies.
Hunting and Gathering refers to the use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation. These type of societies are family centered, …show more content…
This is about Karl Marx's understanding of the key role social conflict plays in society and the struggle between segments of society over valued resources, or so-called Social Conflicts. It has five types, namely: (1) Society and Production, (2) Conflict and History, (3) Capitalism and Class Conflict, (4) Capitalism and Alienation, and (5) Revolution.
Society and Revolution. People who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits are called capitalist. Many of these people are termed proletariat, or the people who sell their productive labor for wages. Marx said that all societies are composed of social institutions, which are organized to meet human needs. He labeled the economy the infrastructure and all other social institutions as the superstructure of society. He believed capitalism promoted false consciousness, or explanations of social problems in terms of the shortcomings of individuals rather than the flaws of society.
Conflict and History. This is represented by communism, or a system by which people share more or less equally in the production of food and other material goods.
Capitalism and Class Conflict. Marx argued that workers must first become aware of their oppression. Second, they must organize and act to address their problems.
Capitalism and Alienation. Alienation from the