Essay On The Civil Rights Movement

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In 1619, twenty blacks were brought to Jamestown colony. From inception, black presence in the Americas has been characterized by prenatal alienation, gratuitous violence, and a harsh form of bondage. A result of increasing tensions between the North and South over sectionalist issues such as slavery, the Civil War represented a critical turning point in the history of United States. For some, the Civil War was seen as a fight to uphold states rights while for others, the Civil War was seen as a fight for inherent civil liberties and the emancipation of the slaves. While the political reforms following the Civil War theoretically should have brought about significant improvements in the rights of Black Americans, it would take over a century for progressive and moral reform to finally be realized. During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln enacted the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 that freed African American slaves in the rebelling states. Lincoln, a outward …show more content…
In his Niagara Movement Speech, Du Bois (1905) says, “We will not be satisfied to take one jot or tittle less than our full manhood rights. We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American, political, civil and social; and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest and assail the ears of America.” Such a viewpoint expresses with what indomitable resolution and tenacity Du Bois employed towards fighting for black rights. Throughout the twentieth century, a common pattern to notice is that calls for civil rights for blacks were not formed as as result of organic, proactive government action but rather government reaction to the calls of prominent pro-black movements. For instance, the Brown v. Board of Education decision was largely a result of the efforts of the NAACP which DuBois helped

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