Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosexual Development Essay

838 Words Sep 25th, 2016 4 Pages
Back in the 1960s, a man by the name of Erik Erikson took Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and revised it. Erikson placed more focus on the social aspect of relationships than sexual predispositions. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development placed more importance on the “ego”, or the “sense of self”. (Rathus) Sigmund Freud named his stages of psychosexual development after parts of the body, but Erikson named his stages after the life crises that people experience during that stage. His views have aided workers and theorists in education, therapy, and child rearing. Freud painted humans as stubborn and unwilling to follow rules while Erikson portrayed us as social creatures who are helpful and wanting to give back to society; therefore, his views are much more pleasing. Some empirical support has been found to show that positive development facilitates favorable outcomes throughout the stages of early life. His eight stages are trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role diffusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and ego integrity vs. despair. (Rathus)
The fifth stage of Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development is identity vs. role diffusion. This stage is mostly about figuring out who you are and what you believe in. It mainly takes place during adolescence and is compares to Freud’s genital stage. Identity vs. role diffusion is a very important stage of…

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