Polytheism And Monotheism

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Religion started as an awareness of oneself and then the awareness of something more than us and probably began at the time when humans began to cultivate in the Paleolithic era between 10,000 and 40,000 years ago. Religion has occurred in each segment of art in different cultures. As history evolved, culture evolved from cave paintings to elaborate sculptures and architecture. Polytheism I believe started as an earlier practice than monotheism since the earliest cultures like the Egyptian culture is associated with god and goddess and the Early Christian, Jewish and Byzantine cultures are associated with one god and were also established in later years. Polytheism and monotheism has been discussed for centuries throughout history in the world …show more content…
The Sumerians were the first culture to appear in Mesopotamia. The buildings were formed as temples with geometric designs in the woodwork of doorways in windows therefore becoming a structural building for religious practice. The Akkadians eventually expelled the Hebrews from Mesopotamia in about 2000 BCE. The Hebrews were monotheistic and the First Temple was built for politics and religion with connections between Near Eastern cultures. Mainly, the belief in multiple gods were represented through the spectrum of sculptures, art and architecture built during this period. The Tell Asmar were a group of sculptures built in Ancient Iraq found buried in an altar. The face and eyes of the figures more specifically were a sign of worship to the gods and the eyes were meant to ward off evil in …show more content…
Egyptians believed in the Sun god Ra, he was a hybrid and the ruler of all parts of the created world. Seth was the hybrid god of chaos and brother to Osiris, he signified death in the afterworld. Isis was a god represented as a hybrid with a falcon head and Osiris is one of the oldest gods of the dead, who once was human and lived on earth. Akhenaten became pharaoh of Egypt and wanted a religious reform for all Egyptians to belief in in one god which was Aten therefore converting and practicing a monotheism religion. The Book of the Dead is a book that consist of 200 incantations or spells from the coffin texts of the Middle Kingdom and funeral possessions and is a representation of monotheism and polytheism. The book described the dead and the people believed in a good afterlife if you were an elite and could pass test within the

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