Difference Between Nationalism And Civic Nationalism

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There’s a significant difference between civic nationalism and ethnic nationalism. Civic nationalism generally focuses on the wide range of culture and communication among member states, whereas ethnic nationalism is where individuals identify with an ethnic community due to cultural, family, religious ties. The distinction between these two types of nationalism dictates methods of ideology. Ethnic nationalism defines a nation through a shared heritage and ethnicity, whereas civic nationalism has to do more with the political ties one has and is primarily based on state citizenship. I will, therefore, advance the argument that there is a real distinction between civic and ethnic nationalism, and that civic nationalism is more useful in the …show more content…
For instance, civic nationalism defines the nation as an association of people with equal political rights and freedoms, and are subject to the same political system. According to the principles of civic nationalism, the nation is based on a political practice rather than ethnicity. Civic nationalism is accepted as the proper form of nationalism, whereas ethnic nationalism is viewed negatively. This distinction raises the concern of getting history wrong and manipulating it for their self-interest. The issue of intersectionality makes ethnic nationalism dubious as it dictates that people tend to rely on their family when they have no one else to rely on. This is, of course, apparent under certain circumstances, such as in the case of Peru, when people reported on others to settle old scores. The case of Peru is an example of an extreme circumstance where the state fell apart, thereby leading to tension among its population. Therefore, this demonstrates the importance of civic nationalism as everyone needs a civic nationalism in order to the able to live among one another with a shared set of values. People should be able to fall behind on other affiliation even if there is no state to depend …show more content…
For instance, the United States’ melting pot requires individuals to become patriarchal and to acclimate themselves. This is problematic as cultural diversity may not be upheld, and the right to cultural or religious practices may be infringed. Alia Al-Saji sets out the example of “Muslim veiling” as an “ethnic nationalism.” He notes that limitation of the veil to French nationalism or secularism misses how much such discourse are themselves constructed through representations of the veil, not only in the French context but in other nationalist discourses” (Al-Saji, 2010, p.894).
In “Nationalism and Ethnicity”, Calhoun observes the nationalist framework and questions “modernization.” He comes to the conclusion that forcing modernization is ultimately good as it allows individuals to have self-determination and anatomy. In that sense, he supports civic nationalism as the state is required to provide all of its populations with equal rights. Calhoun holds that each individual ought to have rights and duties and that they should be deemed as self-determined agents of the

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