Memory Growth And Development Essay

1610 Words 7 Pages
Until recently, individuals with Intellectual and Development Disabilities (IDD) were expected to have a short life span. Growing older brings many age related signs and symptoms affecting this population not only physically, emotionally, but cognitively as well. While the body ages, certain progressive changes occur; which may be dictated by genes, environmental factors, or lifestyle. Anatomical transformations occur in all systems from the muscular skeletal with the loss of some agility to the heart becoming less efficient. Physiological age-related changes affect all the systems including the decrease in the cardiac output; which affects blood pressure and as a result may cause a build-up of fats in the arteries. The …show more content…
Being forgetful once in a while is not an abnormal occurrence; however, memory loss is a much more significant generative characteristic of dementia. Short term memory is usually affected first although the person may continue to have remarkable long term memory as far as early childhood. Absorbing new information such as the name of a new housemate can be unattainable. A person diagnosed with this type of cognitive impairment may be disoriented to time even not recollecting a notable activity from a recent time. These significant changes affect both safety and well-being especially when memory distortion occurs. The latter is when the person combines two or more memories together even from a different time period. Communication skills become affected and marked by: agnosia, aphasia and apraxia. According to the University Wire, agnosia is the inability to recognize people’s faces and voices, places and items. Agnosia can be visual, auditory or tactile. Contrary to it, aphasia interferes with verbal and written communication skills causing an individual to have difficulties with spoken and written language. The last of the trio is aphasia; which is marked a person’s inability to perform a desired task (Lee, 2010). For the IDD population, it is much more of a challenge for a provider to assess unless there are current assessments that described the person’s baselines including psychological and

Related Documents