Criminological Theories Of Strain Theory

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What is Strain theory?
Strain theory is a criminological theory to explain why people commit crime. Strain theory explains that people commit because of the pressures that derive from social structures within society. These stressors from the social structures within society provide the individual with their motive to take part in deviant behavior and criminal acts. Strain theory can be broken down into two categories: structural strain theory and individual strain theory. Structural strain theory focuses on the strain and pressures that come from the gap between cultural goals and the means in which people have readily available to achieve these goals. The individual’s culture provides goals for the person to achieve and the social structure provides, or in many cases be unsuccessful in providing, the mean in which people are able to achieve the goals that their culture has. For example, a cultural goal that might be set for an individual is to be financially successful, but if this individual lives in a society in which there aren’t many opportunities for which they can become financially successful, often they will resort to deviant and criminal ways in which to achieve this level of financial success. Individual strain theory is based on the individual and their personal lives and experiences and the strain that they encounter in their lives, such as personal
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So when someone is experiencing an objective strain, it is something that is generally seen as negative such as not having enough food to eat, not having shelter or being physically abused (Agnew 2001). Subjective strain is when the event or condition occurring in the individual’s life is disliked by that specific individual. It is subjective to the one person. This can be the death of a family member or a divorce. This is more linked to the individual’s emotional response to the strain (Agnew

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