Characteristics Of Continental Drift And Plate Tectonics

925 Words 4 Pages
Quiz-Earth’s Internal Forces Name_________________ Section_____

1. List some the qualities of continental drift and plate tectonics. ( )

Continental Drift Plate Tectonics.
When Proposed: When Proposed:
Evidence: Evidence:
Evidence: Evidence:
Evidence: Evidence:
Evidence: Evidence:

2. This is a cartoon showing specific patterns which are preserved in the newly formed crust generated at the oceanic ridge on the ocean floor as the lithosphere moves laterally. What is the connection with the image on the right?

3. Three kinds of plate boundaries are recognized and define three fundamental kinds of deformation and geologic activity. List the names and describe the action of these three types of plate boundaries?

a) _____________________
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Describe an activity or explain how you could model lithospheric plate movement or action with plate boundaries with students. ( 2 )

6. This image shows the south Atlantic ocean. Explain how this cartoon supports the theory of plate tectonics. ( 2 )

7. Name this boundary and explain why the Oceanic Crust is being pushed downward and why this supports the theory of plate tectonics. ( 2 )

8. Is the continental drift hypothesis a better explanation than the theory of plate tectonics? Why? ( 3 )

9. This is a lava lamp™, explain how this model shows the driving mechanism for plate tectonic motion. ( 2 )

10. Explain the elastic-rebound theory of the origin of earthquakes. ( 2 )

11. Name 3 types of seismic waves ( [1]surface and [2] body waves) generated by an earthquake. Describe how these waves move through the earth and explain how body waves differ from each other? ( 6 )

Name of Wave Description of Wave, i.e. how does this wave move.
Surface Waves a)
Body Waves b)

c)

12. This is a seismogram. A seismogram is the graph output by a seismograph. It is a record of the ground motion at a measuring station as a function of time. Explain how the location of an earthquake’s epicenter is determined. ( 3
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Explain how seismic wave gaps (P-waves and S-waves) are used to infer the interior of Earth? 16. There are different ways to measure earthquakes, the Richter scale and the Mercalli. Compare the relative earthquake hazard along a divergent and convergent plate boundary. ( 4 )

Richter Scale: Mercalli Scale:
Damage at a convergent plate boundary

Damage at a divergent plate boundary

17. Most earthquakes occur along plate boundaries. Divergent plate boundaries and transform fault boundaries produce ________________-focus earthquakes. Convergent plate boundaries produce an inclined zone of shallow-focus, intermediate-focus, and _________________-focus earthquakes. ( 1 )
[Choose Shallow-focus or Deep-Focus]
Use the map for questions 18-22
18. Show where the worldwide distribution of earthquakes with an X, i.e. where is the ring of fire and other locations of earthquakes. ( 2 )

19. Show the worldwide distribution of volcanoes with an O, ( 2 )

20. Show a hotspot (H), the African Rift Valley with an arrow ( ) showing continental/continental divergence.) ( 2 )

21. Draw an Arrow ( ) showing an oceanic/oceanic convergent boundary. ( 1 )

22. Draw an Arrow (   ) showing an oceanic/oceanic divergent boundary. ( 1

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