Chapter 4: Slavery, Freedom, and the Struggle for Empire, to 1763
I. Olaudah Equiano
II. Slavery and the Empire
A. The Triangular Trades
1. A series of triangular trade routes crisscrossed the Atlantic.
2. Colonial merchants all profited from the slave trade.
3. Slavery became connected with the color black and liberty with the color white. B. Africa and the Slave Trade
1. With the exception of the king of Benin, most African rulers took part in the slave trade, gaining guns and textiles in exchange for their slaves.
2. The slave trade was concentrated in western Africa, greatly disrupting its society and economy.
C. The Middle Passage
1. The Middle Passage was the voyage across the Atlantic for slaves.
2. Slaves were …show more content…
IV. An Empire of Freedom
A. British Patriotism
1. Despite the centrality of slavery to its empire, eighteenth-century Great Britain prided itself on being the world’s most advanced and freest nation.
2. Britons shared a common law, a common language, a common devotion to
Protestantism, and a common enemy in France.
3. Britons believed that wealth, religion, and freedom went together.
B. The British Constitution
1. Central to this sense of British identity was the concept of liberty.
2. British liberty was simultaneously a collection of specific rights, a national characteristic, and a state of mind.
3. Britons believed that no man, even the king, was above the law.
C. The Language of Liberty
1. Increasingly the idea of liberty became more and more identified with a general right to resist arbitrary government.
2. It was common for “liberty” to be used as the battle cry of the rebellious.
D. Republican Liberty
1. Republicanism called for the virtuous elite to give themselves to public service.
2. The Country Party was critical of the corruption of British politics.
a. Cato’s Letters was widely read by the American colonists.E. Liberal Freedom
1. Liberalism was another political idea celebrating freedom and was put forth by the leading philosopher John Locke.
2. Lockean ideas included