Caste System Essay

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A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO CASTE SYSTEM:
The Caste system in India, which is believed to be more than two thousand years old, was supposedly formed on the basis of the occupation that one was involved in. The caste system originally meant to divide the people on the basis of their occupation like teaching and preaching (Brahmins), kingship and war (Kshatriya), business (vaishyas) and Servants doing menial jobs (Shudras) etc. but soon it became the means to divide the society into various sections according to social class. Although there are not enough evidences to support the claim made above, there are'nt any proofs to refute it too. The caste system had an inherent hierarchy where Bhrahmins formed the highest echelon of the society closely
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Societal differences. While the so-called upper caste enjoyed access to all the resources and places in the community, the lower castes were not allowed to even enter the temple where individuals from the upper caste prayed. The lower castes were forced to live outside the villages and were not included in any social gatherings or customs and rituals.
2. Economic Divide. As the lower castes were denied access to resources, it was inevitable that their economic conditions would keep worsening. India has always been an agricultural economy, now when these lower castes were denied access to basic pre-requisites of agricultural such as Land, Water supply, Livestock, Seeds, etc., there was no way they could have practiced any wealth generating occupation. Hence, they kept doing the odd menial jobs they were assigned by upper castes. This transformed into a feudal system as India came to be ruled by the British. Where, a few landlords bagged most of the wealth and the largest portion of the Indian land. The land even when rented out to the poor peasants at very high prices. In case of dearth of money, the borrowings were also made through the landlords at exorbitantly high interest
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Land being the most important resource for a Agriculture-based economy like India becomes the prime concern. We need to provide land to these communities, so that they can start cultivation and hence generate income out of it. Also, currently we can not do away with reservations either as the opportunity window is still highly skewed against these classes and the playing field is still not at same level. We will try to find a possible way forward in the 2 fields discussed

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