Annotated Bibliography Essay

4284 Words Jun 28th, 2014 18 Pages
Discussion Board 6: Global Cultural Analysis of Israel Annotated Bibliography
Liberty University

Ackerman, W. (2000). The Americanization of Israeli Education. Israel Studies, 5(1), 228-243. Retrieved from In his article, Walter Ackerman discusses the historical evolution of Israeli educational system. He notes that there were several influential people charged with a reformation of the education system in Israel, namely John Dewey, Alexander Dushkin and Isaac Berkson. Although American with educational backgrounds rooted in the United States, their “ideas of social justice and social engineering” were widely
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The author takes us through a brief history of this 4,000 year old people and language. The idea that “linguistic homogeneity” is required in order to establish the Hebrew nation of Israel is clearly exemplified in the Zionist movement. Although other nations have been able to embrace a multilingual nation, the Hebraist movement succeeded in unifying Israel through the single language of Hebrew. Historically, Jews have been “internally multilingual” and “externally bilingual.” Due to a lack of a Jewish state and multiple “jargons” or dialects across widely spread smaller Jewish communities, there was a lack of unification. The reintroduction of Hebrew served to unify the Israeli people. However, being such a small state, the Hebrew language actually inhibited globalization. Although wanting to maintain the Jewish “authenticity” and elite social structure, in order to compete in an increasingly global economy, the country adopted English as its second language. Students are required to learn first Hebrew and second English in their secondary studies.
Helman, A. (1994). "Even the Dogs in the Street Bark in Hebrew": National Ideology and Everyday Culture in Tel-Aviv. The Jewish Quarterly Review, 92(3/4), 359-382. Retrieved from In this article

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