Analysis Of Frantz Fanon 's The Wretched Of The Earth Essay

1027 Words Oct 31st, 2016 5 Pages
Violence is essential to the quest of colonial liberation, no matter how we call the struggle for freedom. With this straightforward proposition, Frantz Fanon opens the discussion of his liberation strategy in his third and final book, The Wretched of the Earth. The original French version of the book was published in 1961, shortly before Fanon lost his battle against leukemia on December 6th of the same year in the United States, far away from his adopted mother country Algeria. The first chapter of the book is characterized by Fanon’s enduring commitment to a comprehensive approach to decolonialization that addresses both the external and the internal effects of long-term racist oppression. In addition to Fanon’s famous/infamous discussion of violence, the chapter includes a perceptive assessment of the dangers of postcolonial life – a continued economic dependence on the “mother countries” instead of a real autarky (100-06). Fanon identifies the compelling reasons that could push the new nations, out of shear desperation and hunger, into new forms of economic exploitation and lasting dependency on the West. The fact that the colonial powers structured the economies of their former colonies solely along their own needs, created a dependency with a strong potential to outlive the colonialists’ oppressive physical presence in their colonies (98). As such, the chapter speaks not only to Fanon’s continued deep commitment to the struggle against colonialism, despite his…

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