5th Generation Computer Essay

1943 Words Jul 10th, 2011 8 Pages
I. Introduction

The history of computer development is often referred to in reference to the different generations of computing devices. Each generation of computer is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient and reliable devices. Read about each generation and the developments that led to the current devices that we use today.
The computers being developed presently belong to the fifth generation. The most significant aspect of this generation of computers is expected to be the “artificial intelligence”. The chips used in these computers are “Very Large Scale Integrated” circuit (VLSI) with
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Heres an interview with Dr. Kazuhiro Fuchi. Head of the FGCS project.
In sharp contrast to the ICOT research quarters described by Feigenbaum and McCorduck, 21 months later in April 1984 we found the same area overcrowded and a beehive of activity. The tables were piled high with books, notebooks, and papers. Computer terminals and Prolog workstations were sandwiched between the piles of books and papers. Most of the windows were shaded, probably because the glare interfered with the use of the CRT screens, although peering out at the bleak, gray weather was hardly inspirational. The DEC 20 was on its way out, soon to be replaced by a VAX system and more Prolog workstations.
Although many U.S. researchers in AI question the use of Prolog instead of Lisp, Fuchi is more and more convinced that Prolog was the right choice. He feels it is more suitable for producing the four basic software modules: problem solving and inference, knowledge base management, intelligent programming, and intelligent interface.
I asked how the software was coming along, particulary the modules to perform natural language processing. "So far," Fuchi said, "the focus is mainly on semantics although we are also working on translation between Japanese and English." Success in this area has proved quite elusive to many other researchers over the years. However, the Japanese are concerning themselves only with well-defined technical areas. Hence the size of the

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