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17 Cards in this Set

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artifacts
any material object that belongs to and represents a culture
authority
an expert within a field, usually someone who has done reliable reserach and clearly presented data
culture
the invisible web of behaviors, patterns, rules, and rituals of a goup of people who have contact with one another and share common languages
ethnography
the study of people in other cultures and the resultant written text from thay study
filednotes
observations writen by a researcher at a research site, during an interview, and throughout the data collection process
expanded feildnotes
additional commnets and reflections made by the researcher once he or she has left the research site
field writing
a study based on data gathered during field research, as well as the process of drafting such a study
ethnocentric
projecting one's own cultural values onto others
double entry notes
field notes that are divided into a fileworkers observations of a filed site and informants and the fieldworkers personal refections about the site and informants. the purpose of this division is to make the fieldworker more aware of the difference betwen verifiable, tangible facts and his or her thoughts and feelings about those facts
subculture
a group of people who share common language, rituals, and behaviors
objectivity
in social science research, an unbiased opinion
subjectivity
ones own personal inner feelings and attitudes towards a given subject or topic, as opposed to objective, verifiable, concrete, factual evidence
reflection
the act of considering thoughtfully, looking back to gain insight
thesis claim
the controling idea of the esay. a thesis does not have to appear anywhere in the etxt but must be made firmly embedded in the writers mind and should be clear to the reader. the term is also used to refer to an extended original study about a subject (such as a master's theses)
metacognition
knowledge about ones own knowing, sometimes accomplished by trying to assess and evaluate the learning process
informants
a person who shares information about the meanings of his or her culture with a researcher; sometimes also referred to as a consultant, a subject, or "the other"
participant-observer
a reasercher who has become involved in the daily life of a culture in addition to observing it