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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
artifact
human-made object, such as tools, weapons, and jewelry
culture
a people's unique way of life as shown by its tools, and inventions to meet their needs
technology
the ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and invetions to meet their needs
homo-sapiens
the biological species to which modern human beings belong
nomad
member of a group that has no permanent home, wandering form place to place in search of food and water
hunter-gatherer
member of nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods
domestication
the taming of animals for human use
civilization
a form of culture charaterized by cities
specialization
development of skills in a particular kind of work, such as trading or record keeping
irrigation
the bringing of water to crop fields by means of canals and ditches
city-state
a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an indepenedent political unit
cultural diffusion
the spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another
delta
a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
papyrus
a tall reed that grows in the Nile delta
artisan
a skilled worker, such as a weaver or potter, who makes goods by hand
dynasty
a series of rulers from a single family
polyheism
a belief in many gods
pharoh
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
theocracy
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine leader
subcontinent
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
monsoon
a wind that shifts in direnction at certain times of each year
hieroglyphics
ancient egyptian writing syster in which pictures were used to reperesent ideas and sounds
feudalism
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king
migration
the act of moving from one place to settle in another
caste
one of the four classes of people in the social system of the Aryans who settled in India
steppes
dry, grass-covered plains
phoenicians
a seafaring people of Southwest Asia
torah
the first five books of the Hebrew Bible
monotheism
a belief in a single god
covenant
a mutual promise or agreement
tribute
a payment made by by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security
bureacracy
a system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of governemtn
Autocracy
a government in which the ruler has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner
Daoism
a philosophy based on the ideas of the Cinese thinker Laozi
Siddhartha Gautama
religious founder of Buddhism
Abraham
"father", or first, of the Hebrew people
Confucious
China's most influential scholar
Moses
the man who led the Hebrews out of slavery