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26 Cards in this Set

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Who was an Austrian Jew that is considered the founder of the Zionist Movement?
Theodor Herzl.
What is another name for Zion?
Israel.
What was a movement to try and create a state for the Jewish population in Palestine?
Zionism.
Why did the Jewish people want a state dedicated to Judaism?
Oppression.
Who was British Foreign secretary who, in 1917, told Zionist leaders that the British would "view with favor" the creation of a Jewish "national home."
Arthur Balfour.
What was the declaration that the British would have an effort to creating a Jewish state?
The Balfour Declaration.
Why didn't the Arabs want the Jews to come into Palestine?
They didn't want to lose political power. They were originally roughly 98% Arabs, and with a Jewish population it would slowly diminish the percent of Arabs in the Population.
What was the Arabs defense towards not allowing the Jews in Palestine?
They were a British Protectorate and the British should defend them from this migration.
Why did the number of Jews fleeing Europe increase in the 1930s?
Nazism.
What did the British do to try and satisfy both the Jews and the Arabs?
They placed a limitation of the Jews allowed to cross into Palestine.
What did Great Britain promise to India after it's participation in World War I?
A greater degree of self-government.
Why was India a challenging nation to create a new government?
It had a lot of differences; India contained a lot of contradicting peoples, such as: Muslims and Hindus; upper caste members and lower caste members; people who liked the current situation and those who wanted to nationalise.
Who was the Chief advocate of Indian nationalism; Who was leader of the Indian national Congress- India's most important political party- in 1920?
Mohandas K. Gandhi.
What did people began to call Ghandi meaning "Great Soul"
Mahatma.
Why did people begin to call Ghandi "Mahatma?"
Because they looked up to him as a spiritual leader and not only as a political leader.
What political approach did Ghandi develope in order to have his motives noticed?
Nonviolent Noncooperation.
What was another name for Nonviolent Noncooperation?
Passive resistance.
What would Ghandi do to express his nonviolent noncooperation protests?
Him and his followers would protest by not paying taxes or refusing to buy British goods. Yet, they would always accept their punishments for these actions.
Did Ghandi ever reach his goal of an independent India?
He never actually achieved his complete goal, yet in 1935 Great Britain granted India a new constitution that provided home rule. However they still maintained their national defense and foreign affairs.
Did the nationalists accept the new constitution appointed by Great Britain?
No, they rejected the new constitution because they were committed to total self-government.
What kind of governmental position ran in the British protectorates of Canada, New Zealand, Austrailia, and under the Union of South Africa?
Governor-gerneral positions.
After World War I what did a lot of British protectorate nations want fron the British Government?
Self-governments.
Did Great Britain put up a fight in refusing to allow them to have a complete self-government?
No, in 1931 they set right to work to organize these self-governments.
What act in 1931 showed British Recognition of Canada, Austrailia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
The Statute of Westminster.
What organization of nations were the four nations including Great Britain and it's former colonies called?
The British Commonwealth of Nations.
Under the British Commonwealth of Nations what restrictions were set on Great Britain?
They did not have any part in their government or influence their laws. Although they all agreed to complete loyalty to Great Britain.