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13 Cards in this Set

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archaeologist
an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture:
The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery.
anthropologist
The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans.
paleontologist
The study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.
prehistory
the period before the written record
radio carbon dating
The determination of the approximate age of an ancient object, such as an archaeological specimen, by measuring the amount of carbon 14 it contains
artifact
An object produced or shaped by human craft, especially a tool, weapon, or ornament of archaeological or historical interest.
culture
The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought.
technology
the skills and useful knowledge available to collect materials and make objects necessary for survival
primitive
simplicity or crudity; unsophisticated
civilized
Having a highly developed society and culture.

Showing evidence of moral and intellectual advancement; humane, ethical, and reasonable
nomad
A member of a group of people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
primary source
a firsthand or eyewitness account of an event
secondary source
a source of history that takes information from primary and other secondary sources

secondary source example: such as a textbook