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43 Cards in this Set

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Artifact
remains, such as tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects.
Culture
peoples unique way of life
Mary Leakey
In 1978 found prehistoric footprints that resembled those of modern humans. These footprints proved that man walked upright.
Donald Johanson
In 1974 found unusually complete skeleton of an adult female hominid. He named the skeleton Lucy.
Lucy
Oldest hominid skeleton found.
Paleothic Age
The Old Stone Age. Oldest stone chopping tools date back to this era.
Neolithic Age
The New Stone Age. @nd stage of Stone Age. Hominids learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops and raise animals.
Austrolopithecines
First hominid that walked upright.
Homo Habilis
First hominid to use and make tools.
Homo Erectus
hominid that used intelligence to develop technology.
Technology
ways of applying knowledge, tools and inventions to meet their needs.
Homo Sapiens
the species name for modern humans.
Cro-Magnons
hominid almost identical to modern humans. Advanced skill in spoken language.
Neanderthals
First hominid to develop religious beliefs and performed rituals.
Nomads
people who wander from place to place
Hunter-Gatherers
food supply depended on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.
Neolithic Revolution
Agricultural revolution
Slash and burn farming
cut trees or grasses and burned them to clear a field.
Domestication
taming of animals
Artisans
skilled workers who make goods by hand
Specialization
the development of skills in a specific kind of work.
institution
a long lasting pattern of organization in a community.
civilization
a complex culture with five characteristics.
advanced cities
specialized workers
complex institutions
record keeping
advanced technology
Scribes
professional record keepers
Cuneiform
wedge shaped writing done by scribes
Bronze Age
time when people began using bronze, rather than copper and stone, to make tools and weapons.
Ziggurat
Pyramid shaped monument in the city of UR
Leonard Woolley
discovered one of the earliest civilizations called the city of UR.
Ur
Earliest city found in Sumer. Had social classes based on wealth.
Barter
way of trading good and services without money.
Hominid
Humans and other creatures that walk upright.
excavating
Digging a plot of land and sifting dirt for traces of early settlements.
Stylus
a sharpened reed scribes used to write on clay in Sumer
Irrigation
Way of bringing water to fields to help crops grow.
Ice Ages
Much of the paleolithic glaciers altenately advanced and retreated as many as 18 times.
Glaciers
Huge masses of slowly moving ice.
Olduvai Gorge
Gorge in Northern Tanzania where the Leakeys discovered Homo Habilis and the 1st tool hominids used.
Neander Valley
In germany where spotted fossilized bone fragments were found.
Sanidar
Cave in northeastern Iraq where evidence of Neanderthal funeral was found.
Iceman
discovered in germany. early mummified human with tool kit.
Lascaux
Place in France where cave paintings were found.
Catal Huyak
Village in south central Turkey where agriculture flourished.
Sumerians
One of first civilizations located in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).