Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
form of government that placed unlimited power in the monarch and his or her advisers
the political idea that monarchs receive their power directly from God and are responsible to God alone for their actions
divine right
fleet of warships organized to carry out a mission
an abnormal increase in currency resulting in sharp price rises
son of Charles V; tried to end Protestantism; the Prudent King; most powerful monardh in Spanish history
Phillip II
Jews who had converted to Christianity
the Marranos
Muslims who had become Christians
the Moriscos
last of the Spanish Hapsburgs to rule Spain; no children, no heirs to the throne
Charles II
granite palace built by Phillip II which served as royal court, art gallery, monastery and tomb for Spanish royalty
El Escorial
located in Castile, it became the capital
Spanish autheor who wrote Don Quixote, a novel about a landowner who imagines himself a knight
so thorough that Protestantism never took hold in Spain
the elaborate public rituals of sentencing usually followed by executions
autos da fe
ended Phillip II's plan to invade England
defeat of the Spanish Armada
What four areas were ruled by the Spanish Hapsburgs?
Spain, southern Italy, Scicily, the Netherlands
middle group in Engish society; lesser nobles, merchants, lawyers, and clergy
lowest social rank in England; farmers with small landholdings, and laborers
the system in which each nation helps to keep peace and order by maintaining power that is equal, to or in balandce with, rival nations
balance of power
first Tudor monarch; became King in 1485 after the War of the Roses
Henry VII
second Tudor king; most powerful of all Tudor monarchs; married six times trying to get a son; broke with the Catholic church
Henry VIII
son of Henry Viii; became king at 9 years of age; died at a young age
Edward VI
became Queen when Edward died; pushed Catholicism; "Bloody Mary;" died childless; married Phillip I of SPain
became Queen when Mary died; on of England's great cultural periods; last of the Tudor dynasty
Elizabeth I
famous playwright during Elizabeth I's reign
William Shakespeare
founded the Stuart dynasty and united Scotland and ENgland under one ruler
James I
made local areas in England responsibile for their own homeless and unemployed
The Poor Laws
In England it declare work to be a social and moral duty
Statute of Apprentices
theater in LOndon where many of William Sghakespeare's plays were performed
Globe Theater
Name two Englaish dynasties
Tudor and Stuart
What foreing policy strategy did England develop under Elizabeth I's reign?
a balance of power with European nations
allowed Protestant worship to continue in areas where the Protestants were a majority, but barred Protestant worship in Paris and other Catholic strongholds
Edict of Nantes
an agent representing the king of France in local government
founded the Bourbon Dynasty
Henry IV
Louis XIII gave him complete control of the government; he set out to build an absolute monarchy in France; sought to take away the poower of the nobles and the Huguenots
Cardinal Richelieu
the most powerful Bourbon monarch; 72 year reign - longest in European history
Louis XIV
new huge palace outside of Paris where Louis XIV moverd his court and government
Bourbon Dynasty
French dynasty
name given to Frances's Protestants
series of uprisings by nobles and peasants in France
the Fronde
reached at the end of the War of Spanish Succession; France and Spain would never be united under one crown
Treaty of Utrecht
royal decree having the force of law
pragmatic sanction
end of the Thirty Years' War - confirmed the division of central Europe into Roman Catholic and Protestant territories
Peace of Wesphalia
began his rule by curtailing the freedom of Bohemian Protestants (Czechs)- led to the Czech Revolt
Ferdinand of Styria
flower that became popular during the Thirty Years' War
tensiosn between Europes' Catholics and Protestant s that led to continued conflict
Thirty Years' War
23 yr old Autrian who inherited throne from her father Charles VI; women not allowed - pragmatic sanction - she strengthend the Austrian centyral gov't
Maria Theresa
Prussia - great Hohenzollern monarch Frederick William -
Great Elector
created in Brandenberg-Prussia a permaanent standing army
Frederick William
nobles in Prussia
world-wide conflict in which France and England(Great Britain) competed for overseas territory
Seven Years' War
land-owning Russian noble
new class of nobles created by Peter the Great who were allowed to own hereditary, landed estates
peasant laborers who worked the estates and were bound to the land
Russia - the "Terrible" the "Awesome" - he was at once learned, religious and cruel
Ivan IV
Ivan IV's secret police force who terrorized the country
Romanov Dynasty
Russian Dynasty
vast stretch of land east of European Russia
Peter the Great - sought to bring Russia into the mainstream of European civilization
Peter I
Russia's "window to the west"
St. Petersburg
a successful foreign policy earned her the name Great in Russia - last of the great absolute monarchs of the 1700s
Catherine II