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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
network
a collection of computers and other hardware devices linked together so that they can exchange data and share hardware and software
node
each drive on a network
LAN - local area network
a network in which the nodes are located close together
WAN - wide area network
a network in which the nodes are spread over a wide area such as a state or nation
subnet (subnetwork)
networks that connect together to form larger networks
domain name
a name given to a subnet so that other networks can identify it
network operating system
special software on the server that manages the operations of the entire network
hierarchical model
(client/server model)
computers called servers provide access to resources such as files, software, and hardware devices
servers
main computer that provides resources to the network
workstation or client
a computer that uses the resources provided by the server in a network
peer-to-peer model
nodes can act as both clients and servers with each node sharing specified resources with other nodes on the network
workgroups
a group of computers that performs common tasks or belongs to users who share common responsibilities and interests
network administrator
the individual who is responsible for designing and maintaining a network and its components
network adapter
hardware device on your computer that enables it to connect to the network
NICs - network interface cards
adapter cards which are inserted into a slot in the back of your computer
network standard
the manner in which data is handled as it travels over the network cable
ethernet
one of the most widely used network standards - transfers data at 10 megabits per second
Token Ring
another popular network standard that can transfer data at rates up to 16 megabits per second
(FDDI) Fiber Distributed Data Interchange
(ATM)Asynchronous Transfer Mode
can transfer data at 100 megbits per second and faster
Fast Ethernet
can transfer data at 100 megabits per second and faster
dial-up adapter
phone line acts as the network connection
communications protocol
determines how computers recognize each other on the network and what rules they use to transfer data - sets the rules for determining how fast data is sent
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TCP/IP
the communications protocol used by computers that connect to the Internet
client component
the client software that gives your computer the ability to access shared resources on the network
service component
software that enables your computer to share its resources with the network
Name the four components needed to set up a Window XP machine to work on a network
adapter
communications protocol
client
server
(Network Places Link)
Add a network place
(Network Places Link)
add a shortcut o a network folder to the right pane of the window
(Network Places Link)
View network connections
(Network Places Link)
open the Network Connections window to view network connections
(Network Places Link)
Set up a home or small office network
(Network Places Link)
use the Network Setup Wizrd to plan and set up a home or small business network
(Network Places Link)
View workgroup computers
(Network Places Link)
display the computers in your workgroup in the right pane of the window
Network Connections window
shows the connections your computer uses to connect to the Internet, a network, or another computer
network security
involves controlling the people who can access the network and the actions they are allowed to perform on the network once they are connected
network account
collection of information about you and the work that you do on the network
user ID / username
idetifies you to other users on the network
password
string of symbols, letters, and/or numbers, known only to you and the network administrator, and shows that you are a legitimate user of the account
access rights
set of guidelines set up by the network administrator that controls your ability to use the network
read-only access
allows you to view the contents of a file, but not to edit or delete it
read and write access
allows you to view and edit files but not delete them
full access
allows you to view, edit, and delete a file
logging on / logging in
the process of accessing your account
logon dialog box
appears when you start Windows XP - requests your user ID and password - most secure way to log on
user profile
file that stores the customized desktop settings set up by the user
logging off
the process of closing your account on the server to prevent others from using your account - does not turn the computer off
Log off your account
leaves the Windows XP operating system running and the computer on, but closes any active programs or network accounts
Turn off
closes the Windows XP operating system and shuts down the computer
Restart
shuts down and then reloads the Windows XP operating system
Standby
puts your workstation in a low-power state so that you can quickly resume your Windows XP session later
Hibernate
conserves energy - saves everything in memory on disk, turns off your monitor and hard disk and then turns off your computer
network resource
any part of a computer system or network, such as a disk drive, printer, or memory that you can use when running a program
shared resource
any resource that is made available to network users, such as folders, files, and printers
network folders
folders place on servers and made available to the network
local folders
folders on your own computer
drive mapping
provides another way to connect to a network resource and serves the same purpose as sharing a folder or drive in My Network Places
network place
shortcut to a folder stored ont he network
network printer
printer that handles printing jobs for network users
local printer
printer that is connected directly to your computer
print server
manages the operation of a network printer
user group
specific users or specific class of users who can access the resources on a netowrk
offline viewing
used to copy and save shared network files from the network when you are not connected to the network
offline files folder
special folder on your computer's hard drive that holds the network files available for offline viewing
sychronizing
Windows XP updates the files with any changes you made when you log on or off the computer
Resolve File Conflicts
when two people make changes to one file, Windows XP displays this dialog box and gives you the option to save one or the other, both, to delete, or to keep the original file