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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"bull-moose"
four footed symbol of Roosevelt's Progressive third party in 1912
socialist
a fourth political party, led by a former labor union leader, that garnered nearly a million voted in 1912
triple wall of privilage
Wilson's political philosophy of restoring democracy through trust busting and economic competition
Federal Reserve Board
a twelve member agency apointed by the president to eversee the banking system under a new federal law of 1913
Federal Trade Commission
new presidentially appointed regulatory commission designed to prevent monopoly and guard against unethical trade practices
Clayton Act
Wilsoian law that tried to curb business monopoly while encourage labor and agricultural organization
Adamson Act
Wilsonian reform law that established an either hour day for railroad workers
Haiti
troubled Caribbean island nation where a president's murder led Wilson to send in the marines and assume American control of the police and finaces
ABC powers
term for the three Latin American nations whose mediation prevented war between the US and Mexico in 1914
Central Powers
World War I alliance headed by Germany and Austria-Hungary
Allias
the coalition of powers-led by Britain, France and Russia-that opposed Germany and its supporting nations in World War I
U-Boat
new underwater weapon that threatened neutral shipping and apparently violated traditional norms of international law
Lusotamoam
large British passenger liner whose sinking in 1915 prompted some Americans to call for war against Germany
Susics Pledge
Germany's highly conditional agreement in 1916 not to sink passenger and merchant vessels without warning
California
key electoral state where a tiny majority for Wilson tipped the balance against Hughes in 1916
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Southern born intellectual who pursued strong moral goals in politics and the presidency
Theodore Roosevelt
energetic progressive and vigorous nationalist who waged a third part campaign in 1912 but refused to do so against in 1916
Samuel Gompers
Labor leader who hailed the Clayton Anti Turst act as the "Magna Carta of Labor"
Louis D Brandeis
leading progressive reformer and the first Jew named to the US Supreme Court
Virgin Islands
Caribbean territory purchased by the US from Denmark in 1917
General Huerta
Mexican revolutionary whose bloody regine Wilson refused to recognize and who nearly ended up fighting the US in 1914
Venustiano Carranza
Huerta's successor as Mexican president, who took aid from the US but strongly resisted American military intervention in Mexico
Tampico and Vera Cruz
port cities where clashes between Mexicans and American military forces nearly led to war in 1914
"Pancho" Villa
Mexican revolutionary whose assaults on American citizens and territory provoked a US expedition into Mexico
John J Pershing
commander of the American military expedition into Mexico in 1916-1917
Belgium
small European nation whose neutrality was violated by Germany in the early days of World War I
Serbia
small European nation in which an Austro-Hungarian heir was killed, leading to the outbreak of World War I
Kaiser Wilhelm II
autocratic ruler who symbolized ruthlessness and arrogance to many pro Allied Americans
Haiti
Caribbean nation where Wilson sent American marines in 1915
Charles Evans Hughes
narrowly unsuccessful presidential candidate whose campaign was plagued by confussion on the issue of American policy toward Germany
The split between Taft and Roosevelt
allowed Wilson to win a minority victory in the election of 1912
Wilson's presidential appeals to the public over the head of Congress
helped push through sweeping reforms of the tariff and banking system in 1913
the Federal Reserve Act
finally established an effective national banking system and a flexible money supply
Conservative justices of the Supreme Court
nullified progressive Wilsonian measueres dealing with labor unions and child labor
Political turmoil in Haiti and Santo Domingo
caused Wilson to send the US marines to restore order and supervise finances
the Mexican revolution
created constant political instability south of the border and undermined Wilson's hopes for better US relations with Latin America
"Pancho" Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico
provoked Gernal Pershings punitive expedition into Mexico
America's close cultural and economic ties with Britain
cause most Americans to sympathize with the Allies rather than the Central Powers
Germany's sinking of the Lusitania, Arbis and Sussex
cause President Wilson and other outraged Americans to demand an end to unrestricted submarine warfare
Wilsons apparent success in keeping America at peace through diplomacy
enabled the Democrats to win a narrow presidential victory in the election of 1916