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37 Cards in this Set

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Savanna
grassy plain with irregular patterns of rainfall.
Desertification
process by which fertile or semi-desert land becomes desert
Cataracts
waterfalls
The Niger River
A river of western Africa.
Gold-Salt Trade
ghana, mali and songhai's major export.
Islam
A monotheistic religion. belief in God, and Muhammad was his prophet.
Mansa Musa
leader of mali. converted to islam. pilgrammaged to mecca. He had alot of gold, he put to much into the market which made it less valuable.
Timbuktu
A city of central Mali. became a major area for trade.
Patrilineal
a family organization in which kinship ties are traced through the father
Matrilineal
a family organization in which kinship ties are traced through the mother
Lineage
group claiming a common ancestor
Griots
professional stroytellers in early west africa
Predestination
idea that God long ago determined who will gain salvation
Theocracy
government run by church leaders
Charles V
King of Spain. Holy Roman Emperor
Protestant
a person who follows the protestant religion. (influenced by reformation)
John Calvin
originally born in france. founder of calvinism. moved to switzerland because france didnt accept his views
Edward VI
King of England and Ireland (1547-1553). The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, he died of tuberculosis.
Mary Tudor
Daughter of Henry 8 and Catherine of Aragon. only surviving child.
Parliament
national representative body having supreme legislative powers within the state.
Act of Supremacy 1534
it was passed by Henry8. it stated that he was the rightful and sole ruler of the Roman Catholic Church.
Nationalism
feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.
Viceroy
representative who ruled one of spain's provinces in the Americas in the Kings Name.
Plantation
big estate run by an owner or overseer and worked by laborers who live there.
Encomienda
right the spanish gov. granted to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans
Peon
worker forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off a debt.
Peninsular
member of the highest class in Spain's colonies in the Americas.
Tainos
A member of the people of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas who became extinct under Spanish colonization during the 16th century.
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Malinche
the female guide and translator who accompanied Cortes.
Montezuma
Last Aztec emperor in Mexico (1502-1520). He was overthrown by Hernando Cortés.
Aztecs
A member of a people of central Mexico whose civilization was conquered by Hernan Cortez
Bartolome de las Casas
Spanish missionary and historian who sought to abolish the oppression and enslavement of the native peoples in the Americas.
Creole
person in spains colonies in the americans who was an anerican born descendant of spanish settlers
Mestizo
a person in spains colonies who was of native american and european descent
Mulatto
person in spains colonies in the americas who was of african and european descent.
Inflation
economic cycle that involved a rise in prices linked to sharp increase in the amount of money available