• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/59

Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following articulations participate in the formation of the elbow joint?

1. Between the humeral trochlea and the semilunar/trochlear notch

2. Between the capitulum and the radial head

3. The proximal radioulnar joint
1, 2, and 3
Compton scatter is most likely to occur
1. in structures having a high atomic number.
2. during radiographic examination of the abdomen.
3. using high kV and low mAs exposure factors.
2 and 3 only
Which of the following can be used to demonstrate the intercondyloid fossa?
1. Patient PA, knee flexed 40°, central ray directed caudad 40° to the popliteal fossa
2. Patient AP, cassette under flexed knee, central ray directed cephalad to knee, perpendicular to tibia
3. Patient PA, patella parallel to IR, heel rotated 5° to 10° lateral, central ray perpendicular to knee joint
1 and 2 only
The esophagus commences at about the level of
A. C3.
B. C6.
C. T1.
D. T11.
B.
C6.
The amount of time that x-rays are being produced and directed toward a particular wall is referred to as the
A.
workload.
B.
use factor.
C.
occupancy factor.
D.
controlling factor.
B.
use factor.
Which of the following radiologic examinations can demonstrate ureteral reflux?
A.
IV urogram
B.
Retrograde pyelogram
C.
Voiding cystourethrogram
D.
Nephrotomogram
C.
Voiding cystourethrogram
The apophyseal articulations of the thoracic spine are demonstrated with the
A.
coronal plane 45° to the IR.
B.
midsagittal plane 45° to the IR.
C.
coronal plane 70° to the IR.
D.
midsagittal plane 70° to the IR.
C.
coronal plane 70° to the IR.
Which of the following positions may be used to effectively demonstrate the hepatic flexure during radiographic examination of the large bowel?
1. RAO
2. LAO
3. LPO
1 and 3 only
Which of the following is (are) symptom(s) of shock?
1. Pallor and weakness
2. Increased pulse
3. Fever
1 and 2 only
Which type of dose–response relationship expresses radiation-induced leukemia?
A.
Nonlinear, nonthreshold
B.
Nonlinear, threshold
C.
Linear, nonthreshold
D.
Linear, threshold
c
Which of the following may be used to evaluate the glenohumeral joint?
1. Scapular Y projection
2. Inferosuperior axial
3. Transthoracic lateral
1, 2, and 3
An esophagogram might be requested for patients with which of the following esophageal disorders/symptoms?
1. Varices
2. Achalasia
3. Dysphasia
1 and 2 only Dysphasia is a speech impairment resulting from a brain lesion; it is unrelated to the esophagus. Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing and is the most common esophageal complaint.
Which of the following vertebral groups form(s) lordotic curve(s)?
1. Cervical
2. Thoracic
3. Lumbar
1 and 3 only
A spinning top device can be used to evaluate
1. timer accuracy.
2. rectifier failure.
3. the effect of kVp on contrast.
1 and 2 only
The interaction between x-ray photons and tissue that is responsible for radiographic contrast but that also contributes significantly to patient dose is
A.
the photoelectric effect.
B.
Compton scatter.
C.
coherent scatter.
D.
pair production.
A.
the photoelectric effect.
An increase in kVp will have which of the following effects?
1. More scattered radiation will be produced.
2. The exposure rate will increase.
3. Radiographic contrast will increase.
1 and 2 only
A part whose width is 6 inches will be imaged at 44 inches SID. The part to be imaged lies 9 inches from the IR. What will be the projected image width of the part?
A.
8 inches
B.
10 inches
C.
12 inches
D.
20 inches
A.
8 inches
The AP axial projection, or "frog leg" position, of the femoral neck places the patient in a supine position with the affected thigh
A.
adducted 25° from the horizontal.
B.
abducted 25° from the vertical.
C.
adducted 40° from the horizontal.
D.
abducted 40° from the vertical.
D.
abducted 40° from the vertical.
A drug's chemical name is called its
A.
generic name.
B.
trade name.
C.
brand name.
D.
proprietary name.
A.
generic name.
Which of the following will improve the spatial resolution of image-intensified images?
1. A very thin coating of cesium iodide on the input phosphor
2. A smaller-diameter input screen
3. Increased total brightness gain
1 and 2 only
* 3.A1 List the responsibility of each of the following members of the training organizational structure: Chief of Naval Operations (CNO); Naval Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education (MPT&E); Naval Education and Training Command (NETC); Naval Personnel Development Center (NPDC); Learning Centers; Course Curriculum Model Manager (CCMM); and the Participating Activity.
CNO - improves the quality of military & civilian workforce through changes affecting recruitment, training & quality of life.
MPT&E -
NETC -
NPDC -
CCMM -
Any images obtained using DXA bone densitometry

1. are used to evaluate accuracy of the ROI.
2. are used as evaluation for various bone/joint disorders.
3. reflect the similar attenuation properties of soft tissue and bone.
1 only
The use of which of the following intensifying screen phosphor materials can help in reducing patient dose?

1. Calcium tungstate
2. Gadolinium
3. Lanthanum
2 and 3 only
Which of the following is (are) recommended when positioning the patient for a lateral projection of the chest?

1. The patient should be examined upright.
2. The shoulders should be depressed.
3. The shoulders should be rolled forward.
1 only
Exposure latitude will be reduced in which of the following situations?

1. Use of low kilovoltage technical factors

2. Use of slow film/screen combinations

3. Use of high-speed film
1 and 3 only
The use of which of the following is (are) essential in magnification radiography?

1. High-ratio grid
2. Fractional focal spot
3. Direct exposure film
2 only
Possible side effects of an iodinated contrast medium that is administered intravenously include all of the following except

A. a warm feeling.B. altered taste.C. nausea.D. hypotension.
D. hypotension.
The complete killing of all microorganisms is termed

A. surgical asepsis.B. medical asepsis.C. sterilization.D. disinfection.
C. sterilization.
All the following are posterior structures except

A. the linea aspera.B. the intertrochanteric line.C. the popliteal surface.D. the intercondyloid fossa.
B. the intertrochanteric line
What will result from using single-emulsion film in an image receptor having two intensifying screens?

A. Double exposureB. Decreased densityC. Increased recorded detailD. Greater latitude
B. Decreased density
Types of shape distortion include

1. magnification.
2. elongation.
3. foreshortening.
2&3
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) usually involves

1. cannulation of the hepatopancreatic ampulla.
2. introduction of contrast medium into the common bile duct.
3. introduction of barium directly into the duodenum
1 and 2 only
Which of the following pathologic conditions would require an increase in exposure factors?

A. PneumoperitoneumB. Obstructed bowelC. Renal colicD. Ascites
Ascites
With ascites, there is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, necessitating an increase in exposure factors
In the lateral projection of the ankle, the

1. talotibial joint is visualized.
2. talofibular joint is visualized.
3. tibia and fibula are superimposed.
1 and 3 only
To demonstrate the glenoid fossa in profile, the patient is positioned

A. 45° oblique, affected side up.B. 45° oblique, affected side down.C. 25° oblique, affected side up.D. 25° oblique, affected side down.
B. 45° oblique, affected side
Contrast changes window:
width
changes histogram and exposure latitude
Brightness changes window:
level
curtain shade up and down.
Bone window
Lung window
Soft tissue window change:
A. Width
B. Level
A. Width
Applies raw data to different histograms
Which of the following terms is used to describe unsharp edges of tiny radiographic details?

A. DiffusionB. MottleC. BlurD. Umbra
C. Blur
Which of the following statements is (are) correct with respect to evaluation criteria for a PA projection of the chest for lungs?

1. The sternoclavicular joints should be symmetrical.
2. The sternum is seen lateral without rotation.
3. Ten anterior ribs are demonstrated above the diaphragm.
1 only
An increase in the kilovoltage applied to the x-ray tube increases the

1. percentage of high-energy photons produced.
2. exposure rate.
3. patient absorption.
1 and 2 only
In which of the following positions/projections will the talocalcaneal joint be visualized?

A. Dorsoplantar projection of the footB. Plantodorsal projection of the os calcisC. Medial oblique position of the footD. Lateral foot
b Plantodorsal projection of the os calcis
The functions of the automatic processor's roller system include

1. film transport.
2. agitation.
3. squeegee action.
1, 2, and 3
The ethical principle that aspires never to, above all, do harm describes:

A. fidelityB. veracityC. nonmalficenceD. beneficence
C. nonmalficence
An increase in the kilovoltage applied to the x-ray tube increases the

1. x-ray wavelength.
2. exposure rate.
3. patient absorption.
2 only
Recorded detail depends on all the following except

1. quantity of filtration.

2. anode angle.

3. intensification factor of screens.
1 only
Which of the following is (are) composed of nondividing, differentiated cells?

1. Neurons and neuroglia
2. Epithelial tissue
3. Lymphocytes
1. Neurons and neuroglia
Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding the PA axial projection of the cranium?

1. The central ray is directed caudally to the OML.
2. The petrous pyramids are projected into the lower third of the orbits.
3. The frontal sinuses are visualized.
1, 2, and 3
Capacitor discharge mobile x-ray units use capacitors to power the

1. the x-ray tube.
2. machine locomotion.
3. the braking mechanism.
1 only
Which of the following occurs during Bremsstrahlung radiation production?

A. An electron makes a transition from an outer to an inner electron shell.B. An electron approaching a positive nuclear charge changes direction and loses energy.C. A high-energy photon ejects an outer-shell electron.D. A low-energy photon ejects an inner-shell electron.
An electron approaching a positive nuclear charge changes direction and loses energy.
RAO scottie dogs face
A. Right
B. Left
B. Left
RPO scottie dogs face
A. Right
B. Left
A. Right
posterior oblique scottie dogs face side closest to IR
Which of the following articulations participate in the formation of the elbow joint?

1. Between the humeral trochlea and the semilunar/trochlear notch

2. Between the capitulum and the radial head

3. The proximal radioulnar joint
1, 2, and 3
Compton scatter interaction between x-ray photons and matter illustrated in the figure below is most likely to occur
1. in structures having a high atomic number.
2. during radiographic examination of the abdomen.
3. using high kV and low mAs exposure factors.
2 and 3 only
Which of the following can be used to demonstrate the intercondyloid fossa?

1. Patient PA, knee flexed 40°, central ray directed caudad 40° to the popliteal fossa
2. Patient AP, cassette under flexed knee, central ray directed cephalad to knee, perpendicular to tibia
3. Patient PA, patella parallel to IR, heel rotated 5° to 10° lateral, central ray perpendicular to knee joint
1 and 2 only
The esophagus commences at about the level of

A. C3.B. C6.C. T1.D. T11.
B. C6.
The amount of time that x-rays are being produced and directed toward a particular wall is referred to as the

A. workload.B. use factor.C. occupancy factor.D. controlling factor.
B. use factor.
Which of the following radiologic examinations can demonstrate ureteral reflux?

A. IV urogramB. Retrograde pyelogramC. Voiding cystourethrogramD. Nephrotomogram
C. Voiding cystourethrogram
The apophyseal articulations of the thoracic spine are demonstrated with the

A. coronal plane 45° to the IR.B. midsagittal plane 45° to the IR.C. coronal plane 70° to the IR.D. midsagittal plane 70° to the IR.
C. coronal plane 70° to the IR