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31 Cards in this Set

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What is cloudiness?
Cloudiness is the amount of clouds in the sky.
What is nimbus?
Nimbus refers to clouds that produce precipitation.
What are cumulonimbus clouds?
Cumulonimbus clouds are a combination of cumulus and nimbus clouds
Describe cirrus clouds.
Cirrus clouds are thin and wispy. They contain ice crystals.
Explain evaporation.
Evaporation is when water changes from a liquid to water vapor.
Describe stratus clouds.
Stratus clouds are in low sheets or layers and produce a light steady rain called drizzle.
Describe cumulus clouds.
Cumulus clouds are white and puffy and produce rain.
What clouds are thick, dark and towering storm clouds?
Clouds with nimbus in their names are thick, dark, towering storm clouds.
Name the 4 types of storms.
The 4 types of storms are thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornados, and winter storms (blizzards/ice storms)
How is weather data collected?
Weather data is collected using a thermometer, rain gauge, and weather vane (standard English & metric measurements)
What are some types of severe weather?
Some types of severe weather are droughts(lack of rain for long periods of time) and floods (too much rain).
Name the 3 types of clouds.
The 3 types of clouds are Cirrus, Cumulus, and Stratus.
How many types of clouds are there?
There are 3 main types of clouds.
How can weather be described?
Weather can be described in terms of temperature, wind, types of clouds in the sky, and precipitation.
Describe tornados.
Tornadoes are whirling, violent windstorms accompanied by a funnel cloud that travels a narrow path over land.
Describe hurricanes.
Hurricanes are huge, rotating storms formed over the ocean that produce strong winds, heavy rains, and large powerful waves.
Describe condensation
Condensation is when the air cools and water vapor changes into droplets of water.
Describe blizzards
Blizzards have strong winds, cold temperatures and snow.
Describe ice storms.
An ice storm is when rain freezes at the Earth's surface, coating everything with ice.
What is weather?
Weather consists of all the conditions surrounding the Earth.
How does precipitation occur?
Precipitation occurs when evaporated water condenses out of the air and changes from a gas to a liquid (rain), or a solid (snow/sleet)
What is wind?
Wind is moving air.
Define precipitation.
Precipitation is the form of water that falls from the clouds.
How does most water enter the air?
Most water enters the air from the oceans.
What does condensation produce?
Condensation produces clouds.
What does the air around the earth contain?
The air around the earth contains water.
What happens when the sun heats the water in the oceans and lakes?
When the sun heats the water in the oceans and lakes, it changes from a liquid to water vapor.
Define temperature.
Temperature is how hot or cold.
When can air hold more vapor?
Air can hold more vapor when it is cool.
How can cloudiness be described?
Cloudiness can be described with phrases like "partly cloudy", "mostly cloudy", and "overcast".
Describe thunderstorms.
Thunderstorms are brief, intense storms that affect a small area.