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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
Old Regime
one of the 3 socials classes in France before the French Revolution
estate
French king and weak leader
Louis XVI
most famous victim of Reign of Terror-was decapitated
Marie Antoinette
assembly of representatives from all 3 of the estates or social classes in France
Estates General
French Congress established by representatives of the 3rd estate to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
National Assembly
pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789 in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
Tennis Court Oath
machine for beheading people, used as means of execution in French Revolution
gullotine
statement of revolutionaty ideals adopted by France's National Assembly
Declaration of the Rights of Man
French Congress with power to create laws and approve declarations of war
Legislative Assembly
ppl who leave their native country for political reasons, like the nobles and others who fled France during the French Revolution
Emigres
in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisan wage earners and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in the government, lower prices, and an end to food shortages
sans culottes
dictator during french revolution
Robespierre
period from mid 1793 to mid 1794 when Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and 1000s of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed
Reign of Terror
controlled vast empire
Napolean Bonaparte
use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region
blockade
Napolean's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe; intended to destroy great britain's economy
Continental System
member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy trooops occupying his or her country
Guerilla
Napolean's last stand
Waterloo
brief period during 1815 when Naploean made his last bif for power, deposing the French king and again becoming emperor of France
Hundred Days
political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
Balance of Power
hereditary right of monarch to rule
Legitimacy
league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna
Holy Alliance
agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another
nonaggression pact
"lightning force of the war" form of welfare in which surprise attacks with fast moving airplanes are followed by massive attacks with infantry forces
blitzkreig
French general during WWII
Winston Churchill
Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese attacked Hawaii
Pearl Harbor
a 1942 sea and air battle of WWII in whivh German forces were defeate in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union
Battle of Midway
commander of the allied land forces in Pacific
Douglas MacArthur
1942-1943 battle of WWII in whivh allied troops drove Jap forces from the Pacific Island of Guadalcanal
Battle of Guadalcanal
to the Nazis, Germanic people who formed a master race
Aryans
mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during WWII
Holocaust
city neighorhoods in which European Jews were forced to live
ghettos
systematic killing of an entire group of people
genocide
German officer in the plot to assassinate Hitler
Rommel
took control of British forces in north africa
Montgomery
American general
Eisenhower
1942-1943 battle of WWII in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad
Battle of Stalingrad
June 6, 1944 day on which tyhe allies began their invasion of the European mainland during WWII
D-Day