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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name of C7 vertebra
vertebra prominens
scapula is between which two vertebrae?
T2 and T7
names for line connecting the tops of the iliac crests and purpose
Tuffier's line, supracristal plane

crosses L4 line, so can find CSF below spinal cord
primary curvatures
thoracic and sacral
secondary curvatures
cervical and lumbar
name of joint between superior articular process and inferior articular process
zygapophysial joint
name of part of cervical vertebrae that forms a lip on the lateral surface of the body and joins cervical vertebrae together
uncinate process
supply 1/3 of the blood supply to the brain
left and right vertebral arteries
joint between atlas and skull
atlanta-occipital joint
process extending off the axis
dens, odontoid process
part of lamina between superior and inferior articular processes
pars interarticularis
forward displacement of a vertebra(especially of L5) usually due to fracture of pars interarticularis
extreme thoracic curvature
extreme lumbar curvature
formed from remnants of superior articular processes and spinous processes on sacrum
median sacral crest
space formed because S4 and S5 don't fuse
sacral hiatus
"wings" of sacrum
ligament that runs from the sacrum to the base of the skull and its function
anterior longitudinal ligamet

prevents hyperextension
ligament that runs along the most posterior part of the spinous processess
supraspinous ligament
name of supraspinous ligament in between spinous processes
interspinous ligament
ligament that runs within the vertebral canal along the posterior part of the vertebral bodies and its function
posterior longitudinal ligament

prevents hyperflexion and disc herniation
articulation of PLL with skull
tectorial membrane
ligaments that make up the cruciform (cruciate) ligament
transverse ligament of the atlas, superior and inferior longitudinal bands
ligaments from dens to lateral margins of foramen magnum
alar ligaments
ligament on inside of lamina and its function
ligamentum flavum (yellow)

restores hyperextended and hyperflexed spine to its neutral position
name for ligamentum flavum near skull
posterior atlanto-occipital membrane

(vertebral artery passes through this)
ligament that extends from external occipital protuberance and posterior surface of foramen magnum to cervical vertebrae
nuchal ligament
2 parts of intervertebral disks
annulus fibrosis and nucleus pulposus
a hernia of an IV disk impinges which nerve?
the nerve below the disk (herniated L5 disk impinges S1 nerve)
venous system in vertebral foramen and its key feature
Batson's plexus

trapezius muscle

origin-base of skull down to T12 vertebra
insertion-clavicle, scapula
function-shrugging shoulders
innervation-CN 11, spinal accessory nerve
latissimus dorsi

origin-lower half of thoracic vertebrae down to sacrum, lumbodorsal fascia
function-swimmer's muscle (adduction, medial rotation, extension)
innervation-thoracodorsal nerve
serratus posterior inferior

location-inferior to latissimus dorsi
borders of triangle of petit
latissimus dorsi, external abdominal oblique, iliac crest
borders of triangle of auscultation
trapezius, latissimus dorsi, scapula (or rhomboids)
semispinalis capitis

insertion-between superior and inferior nuchal lines
obliquus capitis superior and inferior
borders of the suboccipital triangle, both allow for lateral rotation of atlas on axis
rectus capitis posterior major and minor
major is a border of suboccipital triangle, both allow for extension of neck and head
C1 spinal nerve lacks what?
a sensory component (and thus a dorsal root ganglion)
suboccipital nerve is dorsal ramus to what spinal nerve?