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55 Cards in this Set

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viral vaccines

hepatitis A
Havirix
route: IM
viral vaccines

hepatitis B
Recombivax HB
route: IM
viral vaccines

influenza
Fluzone
route: IM
viral vaccines

Measles, Mumps, & rubella
MMR II
route: SC
viral vaccines

Measles
Attenuvax
route: SC
viral vaccines

mumps
Mumpsvax
route: SC
viral vaccines

rubella
Meruvax II
route: SC
viral vaccines

polio
Orimune
route: po
viral vaccines

chicken pox
Varivax
route: SC
viral vaccines

Yellow fever
YF-Vax
route: SC
define toxoid
toxoids are inactivated bacterial toxins
toxoid vaccines

Tetanus
tetanus toxoid
route: SC, IM
toxoid vaccines

diptheria and tetnaus
diptheria and tetanus
route: IM
toxoid vaccines

diptheria, tetnaus, and pertussis
DPT
route: IM
describe the antiidiotypic type of vaccine?
the antiiodiotypic type of vaccine is based on using an antibody that is shaped lake the antigen. this may be the way a vaccine for the HIV virus is found
describe the classification of subunit vaccines?
subunit vaccines are small units of the genetic cod that come from the disease microbe. they are injected into a bacterium or a yeast and then are grown. they then are harvested and used as a vaccine to stimulate the body to produce an immune response.
describe the classification of acellular and conjugated vaccines?
an acelluar vaccine is disassembled or fragmented to isolate specific antigens from entire cells. pertussis vaccine is made in this manner. bacterial cells that have been altered and mixed with toxoids to increase their overall effectiveness are conjugated vaccines. Tetanus and diptheria are conjugated.
name the 2 most common vaccine preparation methods.
inactivated cells (killed)
attenuated cells (weakened)
what vaccines are recommended for the 1 mo old?
Hepatitis B
what vaccines are recommended for the 2 month old?
hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, Polio
what are the recommended vaccines for the 4 month old?
Hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, Polio
what are the recommended vaccines for the 6 month old?
hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, Polio
what are the recommended vaccines for the 12 month old?
hepatitis B, HiB, Polio, MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 4 month old?
Hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, Polio
what are the recommended vaccines for the 6 month old?
hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, Polio
what are the recommended vaccines for the 15 mo old?
hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, polio, MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 12 month old?
hepatitis B, HiB, Polio, MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 1.5 yr old?
Hepatitis B, DPT, Polio, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 15 mo old?
hepatitis B, DPT, HiB, polio, MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 1.5 yr old?
Hepatitis B, DPT, Polio, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 2 yr old?
varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 4-6 yr old?
DPT, Polio, MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 11-12 yr old?
MMR, varicella
what are the recommended vaccines for the 13-18 yr old?
MMR, varicella
hepatitis B
the disease can cause serious side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting , jaundice, and lack of energy. can lead to liver damage or death if left untreated.

routes of infection: blood and bodily fluids

ways of contraction: unprotected sex, sharing syringes, being stuck with an infected sharp, mother to child at birth,

innoculation may cause soreness at inj site, slight fever
diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
diptheria-causes breathing problems from thick mucous covering the back of the throat
pertussis-aka whooping cough coughing can be so severe that it is hard to eat, breathe, drink. can lead to pneumonia and even death
tetanus-aka lockjaw bec. the victim's jaw locks in place. also causes painful muscle spasms all over the body
dosing of hepatitis B vaccine?
given in 3 to 4 divided doses depending on the age of the person at initial innouclation. 1 month, 4 months and 6 months of age for dosing is typical
dosing of DPT vaccine?
five doses: 2 mo, 4 mo, 6 mo, 15-18 mo, and 4-6 yr
side effects of DPT vaccine?
side effects of DPT vaccine are fever and soreness at the inj site. DPT is only given to those <7, as Pertussis is only seen in those <7 DT vaccines are for those >7 yr old
Haemophilis Influenzae type B
Haemophilis Influenzae type B is a bacterial infection contracted by ppl <5 yr old. it is contracted from other children or adults. mild if infection stays in nose or throat. infection may spread to lungs,
Pneumonia, menigitis, brain damage, systemic infection, death may occur.
what is the dosing schedule for HiB vaccine?
four doses: 2, 4, 6, 12-15 months
what are the side effects of the HiB vaccine?
common side effects of HiB vaccine are redness and swelling at the inj site, and sometimes a fever.
polio
polio causes paralysis of the legs and respiratory system
what forms of the polio vaccine are avl?
polio vaccine used to be po and inj. now only inj because po form can very rarely cause the disease it is intended to protect against
what is dosing schedule of polio vaccine?
4 doses, 1 booster: 2, 4, 6, 18 months, booster at 4-6 yrs
name side effects of polio vaccine?
soreness at inj site
Measles
Measles begins with flu-like symptoms and fever. if ignored measles can cause pneumonia, brain damage, or death
Mumps
mumps affects the parotid glands of the body, causing them to become visably enlarged, accompanied by fever. if untreated can cause meningitis and deafness
Rubella
rubella, aka German measles, causes birth defects in unborn child or miscarriage. in children, symptoms include rash and fever.

women should be given this vaccine 3 months before becoming pregnant if they have never had reubella
what is the dosing schedule for MMR?
two doses: 12-15 months and 4-6 yr old

many school districts, in face of MMR outbreaks require an additional booster upon the entrance to high school
Varicella
chicken pox vaccine
pneumoccocal conjugate vaccine
given for streptococcus pneumoniae that causes meningitis, pneumonia, brain damage and death.
immunity on the pneumonia vaccine lasts how long?
pneumonia vaccine lasts for 3 years.
dosing schedule for pneumonia vaccine
2, 4, 6 months then 12-15 monts
side effects of pneumonia vaccine
redness or tenderness at the inj site, some may have slight fever