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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Reconstruction
Federal governments plan to rebuild and reestablish the states of the former Confederacy.
Amnesty
official pardon (forgiveness)
13th Amendment
Abolished slavery in the United States
Black Codes
Laws made in southern states to work around the 13th amendment and stop the movement of freedmen and return them to plantation labor.
Freedmen's Bureau
Institution that opposes restrictions against blacks. It was Federal agency that handed out food, clothing and fuel to the poor.
Disenfranchisement
Exclusion from voting privileges.
Fourteenth Amendment
Declared that all native born or naturalized persons were citizens and had the same rights as citizens.
Scalawags
Person who is a scoundrel
Carpetbaggers
White northerners who settled in the south after the war.
15th Amendment
Declared that the the right to vote should not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Coalition
Combining of interests
Mississippi Plan
Plan developed by Mississippi Democrats to force all whites into the Democratic party and intimidate black voters to regain the government.
Compromise of 1877
Gave Hayes the presidency in return for the ending of the Reconstruction government in the South
Share Tenantry
Farmer worked a plot of land in exchange for part of the crop.
Jim Crow Laws
Segregated schools, railway cars, and all public facilities.
Solid South
Term recognizing the Democratic control of southern politics
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Supreme court ruling that segregation was lawful as long as blacks and whites had access to equal facilities.