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250 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
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expression of approval; commendation
approbation
opposite of condemnation, censure, or disapproval
mitigate; to relieve, calm; satisfy; alleviate
assuage
opposite of aggravate or exacerbate or intensify
combination; union, merger; alliance; federation
coalition
opposite of splinter group
decline; deterioration; decay; condition of degeneration
decadence
opposite of development or growth
to draw forth; bring out of a source; evoke; extract
elicit
opposite of repress or squelch
to attempt to dissuade someone from a course or decision by earnest reasoning; protest; remonstrate; complain
expostulate
used so often as to lack freshness or originality; banal; trite; corny; clecheish; commonplace
hackneyed
opposite of novel, fresh, original or new
a gap, opening, or break(like something missing); pause; lacuna
hiatus
opposite of continuity
a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often derogatory sense); insinuation; intimation
innuendo
opposite of direct statement
to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement; intervene; mediate
intercede
wearied, worn-out, dulled (sense of being stiated through indulgence); surefeited; sated
jaded
opposite of unpoiled or uncloyed
causing shock, horror, or revulsion; pale or sallow in color; sensational; terrible or passionate in intensity; gory, grisly, baleful
lurid
opposite of pleasant, attractive, or wholesome
worthy, deserving recognition & praise; laudable; commendable
meritorious
opposite of blameworthy, reprehensible or discreditable
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated/upset; waspsih, testy
petulant
opposite of placid, amiable, serence, or even-tempered
a special right or privelege; a special quialty showing excellence; perquisite; perk
prerogative
adj) pertaining to an outlying area; narrow-minded; parochial, insular; n)a person w/ a narrow point of view or a soldier from a colony
provincial
opposite of cosmopolitan, catholic, or broad-minded
to make pretense of, imitate; show outer signs of; pretend, feign, affect
simulate
to rise above or beyond, exceed, surpass, outstrip
transcend
a shade cast by trees; an offense, resentment; vague suspicion; overshadowing influence of power; irritation, pique, or annoyance
umbrage
opposite of pleasure, delight, satisfaction
excessively smooth; trying hard to give the an impression of piety or sincerity; fatty; oily; pliable; greasy; servile; mealy-mouthed
unctuous
opposite of gruff or blunt
poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity; composure, levelheadedness; self-possession
aplomb
opposite of confusion, embarrassment, or abashment
pompous or overblown in language; making sound good when there really is a lack of ideas; inflated, highfalutin, pretentious, high-flown
bombastic
opposite of unadorned, simple, plain, or austere
w/o experience; immature; w/o feathers; lacking sophistication; underdeveloped; green; unfledged; inexperienced; raw
callow
opposite of grown-up or polished
n) saliva or mucus from the mouth; nonsense v) to utter nonsense; to waste or fritter away foolishly; to led saliva flow; balderdash, hogwash, tommyrot, slaver
drivel
a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality; abstract, digest, model, archetype
epitome
to urge strongly, advise earnestly; entreat, implore, adjure
exhort
opposite of discourage, deprecate, or advise against
(adj/adv) by virtue of holding a certain office
ex officio
to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds; intrude; encroach; impinge; poach
infringe
opposite of stay in bounds
to make oneself agreeable & thus gain favor or acceptance of others (sometimes derogatory); cozy up to, curry favor with
ingratiate
opposite of alienate, humiliate oneself, mortify oneself
one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be; an intruder, trespasser, meddler, buttinsky
interloper
belonging to someone or something by its very nature; essential; organic; immanent; inherent
intrinsic
opposite of outward, extrinsic, or external
to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval; harangue, fulminate, remonstrate, rail
inveigh
opposite of acclaim, glorify, or extol
weariness of body or mind, lack of energy; fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor
lassitude
opposite of energy, vitality, animation, liveliness
a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy; chiliad, golden age, prosperity, peace
millennium (pl. millennia)
opposite of doomsday, day of judgment
(adj) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret; not detectable by ordinary means; esoteric, abtruse, arcane; v)to hide, conceal; eclipse n)matters involving the supernatural
occult
opposite of mundane, common, public, exoteric
to spread through, penetrate, soak through
permeate
v) to fall as moisture; bring about suddenly; hurl down from a great heigh; give distinct form to; provoke, produce (adj) characterized by excessive haste (n) moisture; product of an action
precipitate
opposite of (adj) wary, cautious, circumspect
strict, severe; rigorously/urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste; stern; tough; imperative
stringent
opposite of lenient, mild, lax, permissive
(v) to think or believe w/o certain supporting evidence; conjecture or guess; infer, gather (n)likely idea that lacks definite proof; presumption
surmise
to have an intense dislike or hatred for; loathe, abhor, despise, detest
abominate
opposite of relish, savor, cherish, esteem
the modification of social patterns, traits or structures of one coup or society through contact w/ another; resultant blend; adaptation
acculturation
resulting from chance instead of inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; not congenital, acquired; extrinsic, fortuitous, incidental
adventitious
opposite of intrinsic
to assign or refer to as a source; attribute; credit; impute
ascribe
roundabout, not direct; indirect, meandering, winding
ciruitous
opposite of straight, as the crow flies
to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress; empathize; feel sorry for
commiserate
opposite of having apathy for; feel no sympathy for
to direct or order; prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; prohibit; command; adjure; charge; bid
enjoin
opposite of allow, permit
to make easy, cause to progress faster; accelerate, facilitate, speed up
expedite
opposite of hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct
to make amends; make up for; to avert; redeem, atone, make reparation
expiate
(n) a state of great exitement, agitation/turbulence; commotion, turnmoil, unrest (v) to work into such a state; produce alcohol by chemical action;
ferment
opposite of (n) peace & quiet, tranquility, placidity
resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental; unconsidered
inadvertent
opposite of deliberate, intentional, premediated
existing in name only, not real; too small to be taken seriously; titualr, token, trifling, inconsequential
nominal
opposite of actual, exorbitant, excessive
not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position (say yes or no); playing it safe/close to the vest; cagey, uninformative
noncommittal
opposite of positive, committed
to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use; embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
peculate
a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character/behavior); nautral bent, penchant, propensity
proclivity
opposite of inability or incapacity
composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances; poise, self-assurance, equanimity
sangfroid
opposite of exitability, hysteria or flappability
resistant to lawful authority; having purpose of overthrowing an established gov't; mutinous, rebellious, subversive
seditious
opposite of supportive, loyal, faithful or allegiant
thin, slender; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance/significance; lacing a sound basis; poorly supported; flimsy, vague, hazy, in substantial
tenuous
opposite of strong, solid, valid
bitter, sarcastic; hightly caustic or biting (like a strong acid); acerbic, mordant, withering
vitriolic
opposite of bland, saccharine, honeyed, or sugary
to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end; cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweeet-talk
wheedle
opposite of coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm
courteous and pleasant; sociable, easy to speak to; genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial
affable
opposite of surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable
to increase in greatness, power, or wealthy; to build up or intensify; to make apear greater; augment, amplify, enhance, exalt
aggrandize
opposite of reduce, decrease, diminish
shapeless, without definite form; of no particular character; no organization, unity or cohesion; nebulous, inchoate; unstructred/formless
amorphous
opposite of well-defined, clearcut, definite
that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality; ambience
aura
(n) illegal traffic, smuggled goods (adj) illegal, prohibited; illicit, bootleg, unlawful
contraband
opposite of (adj) legal, licit, lawful
scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic; profoundly educated, well-read
erudite
opposite of ignorant, uneducated, illiterate
(adj) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy (n) a very thin, light cloth
gossamer
opposite of (adj) thick, dense, solid, massive
to find out by reasoning; arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply; gather, deduce, speculate, presume
infer
incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically; impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmatic
inscrutable
opposite of intelligible; penetrable
relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook/experience; provincial, parochial or narrow-minded
insular
opposite of liberal, catholic, cosmopolitan
incapable of being changed or called back; irreversible; unrecallable; unalterable
irrevocable
opposite of changeable, reversible
a natural inclination or predilection toward; proclivity, penchant, natural bend
propensity
opposite of natural inablity or incapacity
peevish, complaining, fretful, petualnt, crancy, irritable, touchy
querulous
opposite of uncomplaining, stoical, serene, placid
to argue or plead w/ someone against something, protest against, object to; reason against, expostulate
remonstrate
to disown, reject, or deny the validity of; disavow, abjure, renounce
repudiate
opposite of avow, affirm, aver, avouch
able to return to an original shapre or form; able to recover quickly; elastic; buoyant, bouncy, springy
resilient
opposite of rigid, stiff, inflexible, or unyielding
to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly; rumble; thunder; boom; echo; boom
reverberate
coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (language-wise), foul-mouthed; obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative
scurrilous
opposite of decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified
persistent, showing industry & determination; assiduous, tireless, indefatigable
sedulous
opposite of lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose
thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean or disreputable; cheesy, tawdry, tatty
sleazy
opposite of superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy
a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
amnesty
self-government, political control, home rule
autonomy
opposite of subjection, dependence, colonial status
self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle/rule; taken for granted; (self-evidently true, obvious, certain, assumed)
axiomatic
opposite of questionable, dubious, controversial
to adorn/embellish; display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widelyl; broadcast, trumpet
blazon
opposite of hide, conceal, cover up, bury
a warning or caution to prevent misunderstandings or discourage behavior; admonition; word to the wise
caveat
to free from entanglements or difficulties; remove w/ effort; disentangle, extract, disengage
extricate
opposite of enmesh, entangle, involve
to mock, treat w/ contempt; scoff at, sneer at, scorn, snicker at
flout
opposite of obey, honor, revere, uphold
tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable
fractious
opposite of docile, tractable, cooperative
a rule of conduct or action, principle, maxim
precept
beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome, salubrious, curative
salutary
opposite of detrimental, deleterious, pernicious
bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm; searing, harsh, ferocious, savage
scathing
opposite of bland, mild
(v)to whip, punish severely, flog, beat (n) cause of affliction or suffering; a source of sever punishment/criticism; plague, bane, pestilence
scourge
opposite of (n) godsend, boon, blessing
funeral, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal; lugubrious; mortuary; doleful
sepulchral
(adj) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness/lethargy (n) something that induces sleep, narcotic, anesthetic
soporific
opposite of (adj) stimulating (n) stimulant, stimulus
extremely strict in regard to moral standards & conduct; purdish, puritanical; highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy
straitlaced
opposite of lax, loose, permissive, dissolute, and indulgent
(adj) lasting only ashort time, fleeting; impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent (n) one who stays only a short time
transient
opposite of (adj) permanent, imperishable, immortal
not easily carried, handled, or managed b/c of size/complexity; cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
unwieldy
opposite of manageable, easy to handle
dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force; insipid, lifeless, colorless
vapid
opposite of zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively
abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual; exceptional, atypical, unusual, aberrant
anomalous
opposite of normal, regular, customary, typical, ordinary
a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming; innuendo, calumny, denigration
aspersion
opposite of endorsement, testimonial, praise
extremely strange, unusual, atypical; grotesque, fantastic, outlandish
bizarre
opposite of normal, typical, ordinary, expected
abrupt, blunt, with no formalities; curt, tactless, ungracious, gruff, rough
brusque
opposite of gracious, tactful, courteous, diplomatic
to coax, persuade by flattery or artifice; to deceive w/ soothing thoughts or false promises; wheedle, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
cajole
opposite of coerce, force, strong-arm
to punish severely; criticize severely; chastise, rebuke, censure, upbraid
castigate
opposite of reward, honor, praise, laud
to plan w/ ingenuity, invent; bring about as a result of a scheme/plan; concoct, fabricate, think up, devise
contrive
a leader who exploits popular prejudices & false claims & promises in order ot gain power; rabble-rouser, firebrand
demagogue
to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking; undeceive, enlighten, set straight
disabuse (*think free of abuse)
opposite of deceive, delude, or to pull wool over one's eyes
weariness & dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom; languor, world-weariness, listlessness
ennui
opposite of enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity
(n) a chain or shackle placed on the feet; anything that confines or restrains; bond (v) to chain or shackle; to render helpless/impotent, bind, hamper
fetter(s)
opposite of (v) free, liberate, emancipate
very wicked, offensive, hateful; evil, odius, abominable; outrageous
heinous
opposite of excellent, wonderful, splendid
not subject to change, constant; unchageable, unalterable, fixed, invariable
immutable
opposite of fickle, changeable, inconstant
(n) one who rebels or rises against authority (adj) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on; mutinous, rebellious, revolutionary
insurgent
opposite of (adj) loyalist, loyal, faithful
a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc..., far in excess of reality; delusions of grandeur
megalomania
opposite of humility, modesty, self-abasement
a position requiring little or no work; an easy job; "no-show" job, cushy job, "plum"
sinecure
stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation, made or accomplished by fraud; furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed
surreptitious
opposite of open, frank, aboveboard, overt
to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law; trespass, err, overstep, exceed
transgress
opposite of obey, toe the line
to change from one nature, substance of form to another; transform, convert, translate, metamorphose
transmute
opposite of maintain unchanged, preserve
performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another; surrogate, substitute, imagined, secondhand
vicarious
opposite of real, actual, firsthand
severe or stern in manner, w/o adornment or luxury; simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor; forbidding, rigorous, puritanical, ascetic, unadorned, subdued
austere
opposite of mild, indulgent, luxurious, flamboyant
performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefit, doing good; humanitarian, magnanimous, charitable
beneficent
opposite of selfish, cruel, harmful, or deleterious
pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse; wasted, haggard, emaciated, ghastly
cadaverous
opposite of robust, portly, rosy, or the picture of health
to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as in a dish); to devise, invent, fabricate, rustle up, create, fashion
concoct
coarse, unfeeling; stupid; crude, vulgar, tasteless, oafish, obtruse
crass
opposite of refined, elegant, tasteful, polished, brilliant
to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate; cheapen, corrupt, demean, depreciate
debase
opposite of elevate, uplift, improve, enhance
to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; contaminate, pollute, profane, defile, violate
desecrate
opposite of revere, honor, venerate, consecrate
to confuse; disturb the composition of; upset, rattle, ruffle, faze, perturb
disconcert
opposite of relax, calm, put at ease; kind of like putting away from conentration
grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affection or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated; majestic, bombastic, highfalutin
grandiose
opposite of simple, modest, humble or unaffected
trifling, unimportant, trivial, negligible, petty, paltry
inconsequential
opposite of essential, crucial or vital
a breaking of a law or obligation; violation, transgression, breach, offense
infraction
to make milder or softer, moderate in force or intensity; lessen, relieve, alleviate, diminish
mitigate
opposite of aggravate, intensify, irritate or exacerbate
(v) to rob of goods by open force, plunder, ravage, sack, loot (as in war) (n) the act of looting, booty
pillage
to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion; chatter, prattle, blab, palaver
prate
opposite of come to the point, not waste words
very careful & exact, attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety; precise, scrupulous, fussy, finicky
punctillious
opposite of careless, lax, perfunctory, negligent
inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent, formiidable, fearsome, awesome, august
redoubtable
opposite of laughable, risible, contemptible
to find fault with, scold, rebuke, chide, chastise, upbraid, reproach
reprove
opposite of praise, commend, laud, pat on the back
the act of restoring someone or thing to the rightful owner or former state; making good on a loss or damage; compensation, redress, restoration, reimbursement
restitution
(adj) strong & strudy; brave, resolute, stout, intrepid, valient (n) a brave, strong person or supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position
stalwart
opposite of (adj) weak, infirm, vacillating
open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected; defenseless, exposed, unguarded
vulnerable
opposite of invincible, safe, secure
stinging, bitter in temper/tone; biting, caustic, rancorous, hostile, peevish
acrimonious
opposite of gentle, mild, friendly, warm, cordial
resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive; stolid, dull, slow, stupid
bovine
opposite of alert, sharp bright, keen, quick
dismay, confusion, bewilderment, schock, amazement
consternation
opposite of calm, composure, aplomb
fat, having a large, bulky body; heavy, obese, portly, stout, overweight
corpulent
opposite of slender, lean, spare, gaunt, emaciated
to deny responsibility for or connection with; disown, disclaim, retract, abjure
disavow
opposite of acknowledge, admit, grant, certify
calm, free from emotion, unbiased, disinterested, cool, detatched; impartial
dispassionate
opposite of commited, engaged, partial, biased
disagreement, sharp difference of opinion; discord, contention, strife
dissension
opposite of agreement, accord, harmony
to cause to disapper; to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of pleasure; disperse, diffuse, waste, strew
dissipate
opposite of gather, collect, conserve, husband
to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify; censor, purge, bowdlerize
expurgate
kind of like expunge
an armored or protective glove; a challenge; an ordeal; 2 men w/ weapons to beat a person forced to go between them; dare, provocation, trial, punishment
gauntlet
based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guid or direct investigation; assumed, supposed, conjectural, conditional
hypothetical
opposite of actual, real, tested, substantiated
mean, low, base, inferior, unworthy, dishonorable, sordid
ignoble
opposite of admirable, praiseworthy, noble, lofty
to call into question; to attack as false; accuse; challenge, deny, dispute, query
impugn
opposite of confirm, prove, verify, validate
immoderate, lacking self-control; inclement; excessive, extreme, inordinate; unrestrained
intemperate
opposite of moderate, restrained, cool & collected
(n) hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy coming from hateful conduct; abhorrence, opprobrium, shame, ignominy
odium
opposite of esteem, approbation, or admiration; like odiarse in spanish (meaning to hate someone)
afithlessness, treachery; betrayal, disloyalty, treason, duplicity
perfidy
opposite of loayly, steadfastness
to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish; to transfer, consign, demote or exile
relegate
opposite of promote, elevate, advance, recall
incled to nausea; easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious/refined; queasy, priggish, delicate
squeamish
subordinate in role; submissively obedient; serving to promote some end; servile, obsequious, useful or secondary
subservient
opposite of primary, principal, bossy, domineering
open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance; vulnerable, receptive, impressionable
susceptible
opposite of resistant or immune
to make els in amount, degree, etc...; to subside, become les; to nullify; deduct, omit; diminish; let up
abate
opposite of increase, magnify, wax, intensify
praise or flattery that is excessive; idolization, adoration, hero-worship
adulation
opposite of ridicule, derision, scorn, odium
an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation; malediction; imprecation; abomination
anathema
opposite of benediction or blessing
shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom, acute, sagacious, wily, judicious
astute
opposite of obtuse, doltish, dumb, empty-headed
a greedy desire, particularly for wealth; cupidity, rapacity, acquisitiveness
avarice
deserving blame, worthy of condemnation, guilty, delinquent, peccant
culpable
opposite of innocent, laudable, meritorious, blameless
tending to delay or procrastinate; not prompt; stalling; slow; tardy; laggard
dilatory
opposite of prompt, punctual, speedy, expeditious
conspicuous, standing out from the mass (usually unfavorable in sense); galring, flagrant, blatant
egregious
opposite of unnnoticeable, paltry, piddling
to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation; to be deliberately ambiguous; hedge, palter, talk out of both sides of one's mouth
equivocate
opposite of to speak one's mind plainly
vanishing, soon passing away; light & airy; ephemeral, transient, transitory
evanescent
opposite of everlasting, immortal, imperishable
unable to make up one's mind, hesitating, indecisive, vacillating, wavering
irresolute
opposite of determined
cloudlike, resembling a cloud; not trasparent,; vague, confused, indistinct, hazy, fuzzy, cloudy, murky, opaque, indeterminate
nebulous
opposite of definite, distinct, clear, sharply focused
one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill & experience; neophyte, tyro, trainee, apprentice
novice
opposite of veteran, past master, pro, expert
extreme poverty, barrenness, insufficiency; destitution, want, indigence
penury
opposite of luxury, affluence, abundance, opulence
done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit unjustifiably; ambitious; ostentatious, inflated, affected
pretentious
opposite of unassuming, unaffeted, modest
to review a sseries of facts; to sum up; go over
recapitulate
to revive, bring back to existence/consciousness; reivitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate
resuscitate
untidy, dirty, carelss, unkempt, slatternly, slipshod, lax
slovenly
opposite of neat, tidy, careful, meticulous
something that is assumed or taken for granted w/o conclusive evidence; hypothesis, presumption
supposition
related to suppose
inactive, sluggish, dull, lethargic, otiose, languid
torpid
opposite of energetic, dynamic, vigorous
to grow/accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result; colelct; proceed from
accrue
opposite of dwindle, decrease, diminish, lessen
a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
annotation
a state or scene of uproar & confusion; commotion, pandemonium, chaos, anarchy
bedlam
opposite of peace/quiet, order, tranquility
(adj) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered, secluded, clandestine, sub-rosa, undercover (n) a sheltered place, a hiding place
covert
opposite of (adj) open, overt, undisguised
pleasant, courteous, lighthearted, smooth & polished in manner/appearance; carefree, jaunty, suave, urbane, gracious
debonair
opposite of distraught, boorish, churlish, agitated
(v) to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt; nag, pester, harass, hound (n) a creditor (adj) dark, dull, drab, dingy
dun
adj.

effective, producing results; potent, powerful, efficient/effectual; having the power to produce a desired effect
efficacious
opposite of ineffective, worthless, useless
calmness, composure, refusal to panic, sangfroid; tranquility, imperturbability
equanimity
opposite of exitability, flappability, agitation
accidental; occuring by happy chance; unintentional, unplanned, random
fortuitous
opposite of deliberate, premediated
the essential part, main point, or essense; substance, core, nucleus
gist
freely given; not called for by circumstances; unwarrented; voluntary, unjustified, uncalled-for
gratuitous
opposite of warranted, justified
overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compelling; domineering, magisterial, urgent, imperative
imperious
opposite of fawning, humble, obsequious, unassuming; think imperial = empire which dominates
(n) a strong denunciation/condmenation; abusive lanuage; diatribe, philippic, abuse (adj) vituperative, abusive
invective
opposite of (n) tribute, panegyric, encomium
(adj) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors, variegated, hereogeneous, diverse (n) a jester or his costume; a fool
motley
opposite of uniform, monochromatic, homogenous
extremely generous, lavish; bounteous, liberal
munificent
opposite of stingy, miserly, tightfisted, parsimonious
to delay, put off until later; stall, temporize, dillydally
procrastinate
tending to proudce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire/appetite; irritating, annoying; stimulating, vexing, galling
provocative
opposite of dull, insipid, bland
exceeding ordinary knowledge & understanding; arcane, esoteric, profound, abtruse
recondite
opposite of simple, uncomplicated
(n) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel, blackguard (adj) wicked, corrupt, immoral, unprincipled (v) to disapprove of, condemn
reprobate
opposite of (n) saint (adj) upright, virtuous, moral
characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place; stationary, static, seated
sedentary
opposite of active, migratory, peripatetic
moderate, sparing (as in eating); characterized by abstinence & self-discipline; sober, temperate, moderate
abstemious
opposite of indulgent, immoderate
desrving of blame or correction; blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible
censurable
opposite of commendable, laudable, meritorious
(adj) possible; dependent on uncertain events/conditions, conditional; happening by change (n) a representative group forming part of a larger body, a detachment
contingent
opposite of (adj) independent of, unconnected with, certain
an inhabitant, resident, habitue, dweller; one who frequents a place
denizen
opposite of alien, stranger, outsider, or foreigner
passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic; diffuse, wandering, episodic, digressive
discursive
opposite of short and to the point, succinct
to scatter or spread widely; disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
disseminate
opposite of bring together, conceal, hide, muster, concentrate
poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness/good tast; frumpy, tacky, drab, frowsy
dowdy
opposite of chic, stylist, elegant, fashionable
highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy; flushed, ruddy, flowery, frilly , flamboyant
florid
opposite of plae, ashen, pallid, sallow, austere, stark
to impose by fraud; pass off as worthy/genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion; pass off, palm off, fob off
foist
awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy; inept, uncouth, maladroit
gauche
opposite of adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic
an opinion different from accepted belief; denial of an idea that is generally sacred; heterodoxy, unorthodox belief
heresy
opposite of orthodoxy
to impress on teh mind by repetition, teach persistently & earnestly; instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
inculcate
opposite of efface, extirpate, root out
capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized; tangible, obvious, manifest, plain
palpable
opposite of insubstantial or incoporeal
having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation; discerning, observant
perceptive
opposite of dense, thick, obtuse, dim-witted
extremely harmful; deadly, fatal; injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious
pernicious
opposite of harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious
(adj) leaping, jumping, springing forth; prominent, conspicuous, standing out; protrusive, obvious, notable, striking (n) a projection or bulge, a land for that projects upward/outward
salient
opposite of (adj) recessive, inconspicuous
(v) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess, gratify, cloy, surfeit, gorge (adj) full, satisfied
satiate
opposite of starve, deprive entirely of
to become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden/make unfeeling; to parsh, singe, dessicate
sear
deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit; deceptively plausible; sophistic, casuistic
specious
opposite of valid, sound, solid, genuine
to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt; acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, or pardon
absolve
opposite of condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate
(n) a representation (usually a drawing) in which the subject's features are exaggerated; cartoon, bulesque, parody, lampoon (v) to present someone deliberately in a distorted way
caricature
(n) a loud ringing sound, din, clamor, uproar (v) to make a loud ringing sound
clangor
opposite of (n) silence, stillness, peace & quiet
side by side, touching; ear, adjacent in time; adjoining, abutting, next door to
contiguous
opposite of detached, apart, distant, remote
an eager desire for something; greed; avarice, rapacity, craving, lust
cupidity
opposite of generosity, contentment, satiation, gratification
harmful, injurious; detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging
deleterious
opposite of helpful, beneficial, harmless, innocuous
to raise to a higher degree; increase the value or desirability of; improve, magnify, heighten, elevate
enhance
opposite of diminish, reduce, lessen, degrade
to captivate, charm, hold spellbound, fascinate, enchant, attract, bewitch; to enslave; to imprison
enthrall
opposite of bore to tears, repel, put someone off
to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses; moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay
extenuate
opposite of aggravate, worsen, exacerbate, intensify
implied or understood w/o expression; w/o doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in; inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional
implicit
opposite of explicit, expressed, states, revealed
sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness & effectiveness); acute, cutting, perceptive, trenchant
incisive
marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy; falshy, overdone, affected, flamboyant
ostentatious
opposite of modest, plain, simple, demure, or retiring
a model of excellence or perfection; exemplar, ideal, paradigm; model, good example
paragon
(v) to restate in other words, rephrase, reword; (n) a statement that presents a given idea in new language, a rendition, version
paraphrase
opposite of (v) repeat verbatim, duplicate, quote
prudent, shrewdly conceived & developed; artful, expedient; tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect
politic
opposite of unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash
dull, lacking in distinction/originality; matter-of-fact, straightforward; characteristci of prose/not poetic; commonplace, humdrum, literal, pedestrian
prosaic
opposite of remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired
extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive, profuse, lush; unneccessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix
redundant
opposite of succinct, terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate
making a show of virtue/righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting; holier-than-you
sanctimonious
opposite of heartfelt, sincere, humble
(adj. part.) sparkling, twinkiling, exceptionally brilliant(applied to mental or personal quality); stimulating, lively, glittering, flashing
scintillating
opposite of dull, boring, insipid, flat, tame, vapid
charming, attractive, pleasing (childlike charm/innocence); winning, engaging, delightful, prepossessing
winsome
opposite of unattractive, unappealing, repulsive
to encourage, assist, aid, support(especially in something wrong/unworthy);
abet
opposite of hamper, hinder, impede, frustrate
to affirm, declare confidently, assert, asseverate, avouch
aver
opposite of deny, disavow, repudiate, disclaim
noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious/conspicuous (especially unfavorably); falgrant, glaring, egregious, disagreeably loud
blatant
opposite of inconsequential, trifling, piddling or petty
(v) to bring up or begin to talk about (a subject); to announce/introduce; break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind/waves; to piece to draw off liquid (n) spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks
broach
(v) to support, prop up, strengthen, bolster, reinforce, brace, shore up (n) a supporting structure
buttress
opposite of undermine, weaken, impair
noisy revelry or merrymaking (usually w/ heavy drinking); drinking bout, binge; drunken revel
carousal
to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc...; to arrange in an order for some specific purpose; sort out, cross-check, rearrange
collate
an exper; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments (especially in fine arts); savant, punidt, or authority
connoisseur
opposite of ignoramus, philistine, yahoo
deeply unhappy or dejected; w/o hope, beyond consolation; greif-sticken, inconsolable, comfortless
disconsolate
opposite of cheerful, blithe, buoyant, jaunty
to weign down or burden (w/ difficulties, debts, etc...); to fill up, block up, hinder; overload, saddle, hamper, clog
encumber
opposite of unburden, unload, relieve
to promote trouble or rebellion; apply warm liquids to; instigate, incite, stir up
foment
opposite of quell, quash, squelch, supress
frightful, horrible, ghastly, gruesome, gory, hideous
grisly
opposite of pleasant, delightful, attractive
relating to Herculures; characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of needing much strength; might, powerful, arduous, onerous, colossal
herculean
opposite of puny, Lilliputian, bantam
showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate; motionless; emotionless, stoical, insensible
impassive
opposite of passionate, excitable