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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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-opposite, compound leaves
-smooth green twigs
-usually has multiple parts to the trunk
-grow near water
Acer Negundo
Sapindaceae

Boxelder
-glaucous, red stalks with thorns
-shrub
-flowers have long, slender sepals, more than twice length of the petals
Rubus occidentalis
Rosaceae

Black raspberry (hollow inside)
-wine colored stalk with lots of bristles and thorns
-not glaucous
-shrub
Rubus phoenicolasius
Rosaceae

Wineberry
-tough, fibrous stem
-6 feet high
-poisonous, but can be eaten if prepared properly
Phytolacca americana
Phytolaccaceae

Poke weed
-alternate leaves
-different leaf shape for climbing juvenile (palmately) vines and flowering adult (unlobed cordate) vines
-umbel flowers/fruit
Hedera helix
Araliaceae

English Ivy
-heart shaped leaves
-two year life span, 1st close to the ground, 2nd shoots up
-garlicy smell
Alliara petiolata
Brassicaceae

Garlic mustard
-opposite leaves, elliptical shape
-woody, nondescript vine
-purple berries/Elderberry
Lonicera Japonica
Caprifoliaceae

Japanese Honeysuckle
-alternate leaves with 3 leaflets
-can be trailing vine, climbing vine, or shrub
-has hairy roots and small white drupes
Toxicodendron radicans
Anacardiaceae

Poison ivy
-alternate leaves, singly toothed, with prominent vein
-smooth grey bark
-buds are "pokey" with two rows of overlapping scales
-Associated with old forests, needs little light
Fagus grandifolia
Fagaceae

American Beech
-needles are usually in two and are twisted
-trunk and branches tend to twist
-member of yellow pines, with spikes on the cones
Pinus virginiana
Pinaceae

Scrub pine
-branches are whorled around trunk
-needles are in tufts of 5, slightly glaucous
-member of white pine, so cones have no spines
Pinus strobus
Pinaceae

White pine
-monocot
-veins run parallel
-star shaped pink or white flowers
Allium canadense
Amaryllidaceae

Onion Grass
-opposite leaves
-stems are usually square
-flowers are bilateral symmetrical
-member of the mint family
Glechoma hederacea
Lamiaceae

Ground Ivy
-opposite, simple leaves with veins that arch up
-branches arch up and have onion-like buds on end
-bud has small flowers and 4 bracts frame them
Cornus flordia
Cornaceae

Flowering Dogwood
-opposite, with one leaf and one tendril
-woody vine
Vitis spp.
Vitaceae

Grape vine