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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Trauma is the number ____ killer of persons under the age of 44 in the US.
Define trauma
A physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
Define penetrating trauma
Injury caused by an object breaking the skin and entering the body
Define blunt trauma
Injury caused by the collision of an object with the body in which the object does not enter the body
Auto accidents account for how many deaths each year?
True or false: Although trauma poses a serious threat to life, its presentation often masks the pts true condition.
____% of all trauma pts do not have serious, life-endangering injuries.
True or false: Pay close attention to the obvious injuries because they will indicate the seriousness of the pts condition.
False. When assessing a trauma pt, look beyond obvious injuries for evidence that suggests a life-threatening condition
The trauma system is predicated on the principal that serious trauma is a _______________ _______________.
surgical disease
Define trauma center
A hospital that has the capability of caring for acutely injured pts; trauma centers must meet strict criteria to use this designation
What level trauma center commits resources to address all types of specific trauma 24/7?
Level I
A regional trauma center is what level center?
Level I
What level trauma center is an area center?
Level II
What level trauma center commits resources to address the most common trauma emergencies w/surgical capability 24/7; will stabilize and transport specialty cases to the regoinal trauma center?
Level II
What level trauma center is a community center?
Level III
What level trauma center commits to special emergency department training and has some surgical capability, but will usually stabilize and transfer seriously injured trauma pts to a higher level trauma center as needed?
Level III
What level trauma center is a trauma facility?
Level IV
What level trauma center can be a small community hospital or medical care facility that will stabilize and prepare trauma pts w/moderate to serious injuries for transport to a higher level facility?
Level IV
Define trauma triage criteria
Guidelines to aid prehospital personnel in determining which trauma pts require urgent transportation to a trauma facility
Define MOI
Mechanism of injury - the processes and forces that cause trauma
When does the consideration of the MOI begin?
During scene size-up and then should be reconsidered as the first step of the focused history and physical exam
Define index of suspicion
The anticipation of injury to a body region, organ or structure based on analysis of the mechanism of injury
What is a general rule for determining if a pt should be entered into the trauma system or not?
If you have any reason to suspect that the pt has sustained serious internal injuries, they should be entered
Define the golden hour
The 60 minute period after a severe injury; it is the maximum acceptable time between the injury and initiation of surgery for the seriously injured trauma pt
How long should the initial pt assessmet, emergency stabilization, pt packaging, and initiation of transport?
Less than 10 minutes
In applying the trauma triage criteria, it is best to err on the side of __________________.
The trauma triage criteria is designed to "___________ _______________" trauma pts.
over triage
Define relative speed
If 2 cars hit each other, each going 20 MPH, the relative speed is 40 MPH
What is one of the best and most cost effective ways of reducing mortality and morbitity?
Trauma prevention
Define trauma registry
A data retrieval system for trauma pt information, used to evaluate and improve the trauma system
True or false: Quality improvement is a significant method of assessing system quality and providing for its improvement.