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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the pericaridum
Cadiac Tamponade
Heart compression
-Due to Fluid accumulates in the pericardial cavity
Cuases reduced cardiac output/venous return
Apex of the heart
Is made up of mostly the l. ventricle and posterior aspect of the heart
Right Ventricle
Largest part of the ant. Surface
Function of the Pappillary muscles
contract the chordae tendinae
What part of the heart is the L. Atrium
The base of the heart and posterior aspect
Left Atrium
Smooth walled
Pectinate m.
Thick wall
Left Ventricle
Apex of heart
Mitral valve/ tricuspid valve
Traveculae carneae
Papillary muscles
chordae tendonae
Heart Skeleton
Cartilagenous plate that serperates the different compartments(between atrial and ventricle)
What is the function of the spiral arragnemnet of the ventricular muscle
Allows ventricular contraction to squeeze the blood upward from the apex to the heart
Fibrous Valves
Fibrous rings around the valves offer support
what is the Primary Pacemaker
SA node
Lub sound of heart
Atrioventicular valves closing during vetricular systole
Dub sound of heart
Closure of aortic and pulmonary semilunar valves at beginning of ventricular diastole
The swishing
caused by turbulent blood flow
What branches off of the arch of the Aorta
1. Brachiocephalic trunk
2. L. Common Carotid a.
3. L. Subclavian a.
What branches off of the brachiocephalic trunk?
1. R. Common carotid a.
2. R. Subclavian a.
Describe the pericardium
double layered sac that covers the heart and the proximal greater vessels
Pericadial effusion
fluid/ blood/ infection of the pericardial cavity
Congestive Heart Failure
heart cannot pump enough blood to organs or the body
What does the Auricle do?
It increases the capacity of the atrium