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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 types of psychological therapists
1. clinical psychologists

2. psychiartrists

3. social workers

4. counselors
4 Major therepeutic orientations
1. Psychoanalysis

2. Humanistic therapy

3. Behavior therapy

4. Cognitive therapy
Who develeoped psychoanalysis?
Sigmund Freud
What is the aim of psychoanalysis?
To bring repressed feelings into concious awareness where the patient can deal with them.
Method of psychoanalysis
free association
Free association
The patient edits his thoughts, resisting hir or her feelings to express emotions
resistance
Unconscious defense against awareness of repressed experiences to avoid resulting anxiety
Transference
The process by which emotional attitudes, established originally toward parental figures in childhood (long repressed), are transferred in later life to others (= therapist)
Psychodynamic therapy
Focus on childhood experiences in understanding current problems
Interpersonal therapy
Focus on current relationships. Has been found to be especially helpful with depression. Focuses on symptom relief here and now, not an overall personality change.
Positive of Psychodynamic theraphy
promoted tolerance of mental illnesses
Negative of Psychodynamic (4)
1. untestable

2. hard to refute because it cannot be proven or disproven.

3. concept of "repressed memories" has been criticized

4. takes a long time and is expensive
Who created humanistic therapy?
Carl Rogers
Aim of humanistic therapy
boost self-fullfillment by helping people grow in self awareness and self acceptance
assumptions
mental illness derives from attempting to earn others' positive regard rather then following an inner compass
3 Necessary conditions for therapeutic change in humanistic therapy.
1. congruence

2. unconditional positive regard

3. empathy
Congruence
Congruent therapist expresses the behaviors, feelings, or attitudes that the client stimulates in him
Unconditional positive regard
Acceptance is given with no conditions. Unconditional respect for the client as a human being
Empathy
transmitting to the client a sense of being understood.
Positive of Humanistic therapy (2)
1. Therapuetic relationship still retained

2. First to systematically analyze therapy outcome
Negative of Humanistic therapy (3)
1. criticized as being unscientific, subjective, and unreligious 2. directive therapies found to be more effective for many problems 3. not suitable for serious mental disorders
Who created the behavior therapy theory?
Joseph Wolpe
2 Classical Conditioning techniques.
1. counterconditioning

2. classical conditioning
counterconditioning
procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behavior
3 Classical conditionsing based techniques
1. systematic desensitization

2. exposure therapy

3. aversive conditioning
What is aversive conditioning used for?
Alcoholics- giving people drugs to get sick when they drink
Systematic descensitization
Learning relaxation techniques and use them in fear provoking stimuli
Exposure therapy
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli commonly used to treat phobias
Operant conditioning procedures enable therapists to use .
Behavior modification
Behavior modification
Desired behaviors are rewarded and undesired behaviors are either unrewarded or punished
Token economy
based on principles of operant conditioning.
Positive of Behavior Therapy (2)
1. Effective with anxiety disorders

2. relatively easy to administer
Negatives of Behavior Therapy (2)
1. only treats symptoms- doesn't touch underlying causes

2. ignores beliefs which may be important maintaining factors