Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Developmental Issues
(Freud, Sigmund
Austrian Nuerologist)
3 Basic Structures
1- id
2- ego
3- superego
Developmental Issues
Define
Id
unconscience, no morality, consists of instincts, reservoir of psychic energy
Developmental Issues
Define
Ego
no morality, deals with reality, uses reasoning to make decision, problem solving, initiative, memory;
(As child experiences demands and constraints of reality a new part of ego )emerges.
Developmental Issues
Define
Superego
known as our conscience
Moralizer
Developed thru role models, learning
Psychosexual Theory
Freud believed in 5 stages
1-mouth
2-Anal
3-Phallic included Oedipus
4-Latency
5-Genital
Psychosexual Theory
Define
Mouth
from 0-18 month
mouth pleasure
Psychosexual Theory
Define
Anal
1.5 - 3 yrs old
eliminative functions associated with the anus.
Psychosexual Theory
Define
Phallic
3-6 yrs old
discovery of own genital
--Oedipus complex, resolved by identification w/same sex parent
Psychosexual Theory
Define
Latency
6-Puberty
represses sexual interest and develops social and intellectual skills
Psychosexual Theory
Define
Genital
Puberty onward
sexual reawakening, sexual pleasure w/someone outside of family
Psychosocial Theory
(Erik Erikson)
8 psychosocial stages
1-trust vs mistrust
2-autonomy vs shame or doubt
3-initiative vs guilt
4-industry vs inferiority
5-Identity vs indentity confusion
6-intimacy vs isolation
7-generativity vs stagnation
8-integrity vs despair
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Trust vs Mistrust
infancy, 1st year
physical comfort, minimal fear about the future
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Autonomy vs shame or doubt
1- 3 yrs old
after trust, exploration can occur, trust extended and trust in own skills
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Initiative vs guilt
Preschool years
Acquisition of responsibilities for own bodies. Beginning to see self as seperate.
If anxiety or irresponsibility builds, may have feelings of guilt; overpretected or over critisized may develope shame or guilt
Psychosocial Theory
Define
industry vs inferiority
Elementary School years
multiple experiences, master of knowledge and intellectual skills. Develop purposeful behaviors to cope w/their environment
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Intimacy vs isolation
Early adulthood (young adult)
once formed good self-identity, can form intimate relationships w/others
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Generativity vs stagnation
Middle adulthood
Chief concern w/helping new generation in having useful lives; stagnation is the feeling of not having contributed to the world for betterment.
Psychosocial Theory
Define
Integrity vs despair
late adulthood
reflecting on thepas nd concluding a positive or negative review of life
3 Cognitive Theories
1-Piaget Cognitive development Theory
2-Vygotsky Sociocultural Cogniive Theory
3- Information-processing Theory
Cognitive Theories
Define
Piagets Theory
That children construct own understanding of world by actively experiencing the environment thru 4 stages:
1-Sensori-Motor
2-Preoperational stage
3-concrete operations
4-formal operations
2 processes underlie the cognitive process:
1-Organization
2-Adaptation
Cognitive Theories
Piagets Theory
Define
Sensori-Motor
0-2 years
construction of the world via sonsory experiences and motor actions
Cognitive Theories
Piagets Theory
Define
Preoperational stage
2-7 years
represent the world with words, images, and drawings
Cognitive Theories
Piagets Theory
Define
Concrete stage
7-11 years
can perform operations and logical reasoning replaced intuitive thought of concrete and specific examples
Cognitive Theories
Piagets Theory
Define
Formal stage
11-15-adulthood
think in abstract and logical terms. (adolescent may think up an ideal parent and compare) Fasciated with what they can become and the future