Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sand Creek California
site of indian massacre by militia forces in 1864
Little Big Horn
site of serious but temporary US Amry defeat in the Sioux War of 1876-1877
Sitting Bull
Sioux "medicine mam" and leader of an uprising 1876-1877
Cheif Joseph
leader of the Nez Perce tribe who cnducted a brilliant but unsuccessful military campaign in 1877
leader of the Apaches of Arizone in their warfare with the whites
Helen Hunt Jackson
Massachusetts writer whose books aroused sympathy for the plight of the Native Americans
Battle of Wounded Knee
bloody affair that resulted when the federal government attempoted to stamp out the indians scared "Ghost Dance"
Pikes Peak, Colorado
site of a mojor gold discovery, 1858-1859, the drew fortune seekers to the Rocky Mountains
Oliver H Kelley
leading organizer of the Grange, who initially stressed social ritual and education for farmers
James B Weaver
former Civil War general and Granger who ran as the Greenback Labor party candidate for president in 1880
Mary E Lease
eloquent Kansas Populist who urged famers to "raise less corn and more hell"
Ignatius Donnelly
leading Populist roator and congressmen from Minnesota
major nothern pains Indian nation that fought and eventually lost a bitter war against the US Army 1876-1877
southwestern Indians led by Geronimo who were finally conquered and forced to settle in Oklahoma
generally poor areas where vanquished indians were eventually confined under federal control
"Ghost Dance"
idian religious movement, originiating out of the sacred Sun Dance, that the federal government attempted to stamp out in 1890
DOS act
federal law that attempted to dissolve tribal landholding and establish indians as individual farmers
Com Staulkload
huge silver and gold deposit that brough wealth and statehood to Nevada
Long Drive
general term for the herding of cattle from the grassy plains to the railroad termianls of Kansas, Nebraska and Wyoming
Homestead 1862
federal law that offered generous land opportunities to poorer farmers but also provided the unscrupulous with opportunioties for hoaxes and fruad
improved type of fencing that enabled farmers to ebclose land on the treeless plains
former "Indian Territory" where "sooners" tried to get the jump on "boomeres" when it was opened for settlement in 1889
the theory that the availablitiy of the frontier lessened social conflict in America by providing economic opportunities for eastern workers
farmers organization that began as a secret social group and expanded into such activityes as profarmer politics and lawmaking
greenback part
short lived profarmer third party that gained over a million votes and elected fourteen congressmen in 1878
farmers alliance
board based organizations of the 1880s that drew both black and white agriculturists into social, economic and political activity
populous party
thirt political party that emerged in the 1890s to express rural grievance and mount major attacks on the Democrats and Republicans
the encroachment of the white settlements and the violation of treaties with indians
led to nearly constante warfare with plains Indians from 1868 to about 1890
rail lines, disease and the destruction of the buffalo
decimated Inian populations and hastened their defeat at the hands of advancing whites
reformers attempts to make native Americans conform to white ways
further undermined native Americans traditional tribal culture and morale
the coming of big business mining and stock raising to the west
ended the romantic, colorful era of the miners and cattlmens frontier
"dry farming", barded wire and irrigation
made it possible to farm the dry, treeless areas of the Great Plains and the West
the passing of the frontier of 1890
created new psycholofical and economic problems of a natin accustomed to a boundless open West
the growing economic specialization of the western agriculturalists
made the farmers vulnerable to vast industtrial and market forces beyond their control
the decline of farm prices and the static money supply
created severe deflation and forced famers deeper into debt
the inabilty of individualistic farmers to organize economically
led grain and cotton growers to turn from economics to politics as a solution for their grievances
the racial divisions between white and black famers
prevented famers in the South from forming a united front to promote their interests