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138 Cards in this Set

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kusura bakmayın
excuse me
yardım eder misiniz?
would you help me?
acaba
I wonder
havalimanı
airport
oraya
to there
giden
going
yavrum
dear
yabancı
foreigner, stranger
göstermek
to show
gösterir misiniz?
would you show?
şöyle
like this, this way
-e kadar
as far as
sapmak
to turn
orası
there, that place
oradan
from there
ileride
further on
bayağı
quite
yürüyerek
by walking (on foot)
sürmek
to last, to take
sürer
it takes
bilmem
I don't know
anlatmak
to explain
gelirim
I'll come
gösteririm
I'll show
taşır mısınız?
would you carry?
taşırım
I'll carry
aorist present tense
verb stem + -r,-ir,-er + 'to be' ending
aorist present tense verbs with one syllable stems take:
-er + 'to be' ending
aorist present tense verbs with one syllable stems ending in -r or -l take:
-ir +'to be' ending
aorist present tense verbs stems with more than one syllable take:
-ir + 'to be' ending
Conjugaton of Aorist Negative Tense
verb stem + me + z (except first person) + 'to be' ending
Conjugation of Aorist Negative Question
verb stem + ma + z Mi + 'to be' ending.
Sana dondurma alırım.
I'll buy you an ice cream.
Yardım ederim.
I'll help.
Kapıyı açar mısınız?
Would you open the door?
Çay içer misiniz?
Would you like (to drink) some tea?
Tebrik ederim.
Congratulations
Üç erkek bara girerler...
Three men go into a bar...
Belki gelir.
Maybe he'll come.
Su 0'C altında donar.
Water freezes below zero degrees Celsius.
Sık sık plaja giderim.
I often go to the beach.
Use Aorist for;
making promises, saying you're willing to do something, saying intend to do something, requesting someone to do something, offering something to someone, set phrases, telling stories or jokes, expressing possibility or hope, describing an unchanging fact, describing an habitual or repeated action.
Yapar herhalde.
She'll probably do it.
Umarım, gitmezsiniz.
I hope you won't go. I hope you're not going.
Sanırım, sevmezler.
I suppose they won't like it. I reckon they don't like it.
Belki yardım ederler.
Maybe they'll help. Maybe they're helping.
koşan adam
the running man, the man who's running
İstanbul'a giden tren
the Istanbul train, the train going to Istanbul
Viyana'dan gelen tren
the Vienna train, the train coming from Vienna
masada oturan çocuk
the child sitting at the table, the child who's sitting at the table
Gülen kadın kim?
Who's the woman who's smiling?
subject participle's of verbs (can normally be translated as 'ing.=
verb stem + en
Masada oturan erkek yakışıklı.
The man (who is) sitting at the table is handsome.
Kızımın konuşan bebeği var.
My daughter's got a talking doll.
'en' adjective rules
as adjectives they can only describe the subject of a sentence. If used without a noun they act like nouns and mean 'the ...ing one'
Masada oturan güzeldi.
The one sitting at the table was pretty.
İlk gelenler Smithler olacak.
The first ones who come will be the Smiths.
O köşede sigara içenler Türk.
The smokers (lit. the smoking ones) in the corner are Turkish.
Orada bira içenler İngiliz.
Those beer drinkers (lit. beer drinking ones) are English.
verb stem + erek
means:
by ... -ing
Yürüyerek geldim.
I came on foot (by walking).
Telefon ederek haber vereceğim.
I'll inform (them) by telephone (by phoning).
Gazeteye bakarak buldum.
I found it by looking at the newspaper.
Günde 24 saat çalışarak becerdi.
By working 24 hours a day he managed it.
Gülerek gitti.
She left smiling.
Bize bakarak, 'Merhaba' dedi.
Looking at us, she said 'hello.'
Bilerek mi yaptınız?
Did you do it knowingly?
olmak with erek ending; olarak means;
as
Programcı olarak çalışıyorum.
I work as a programmer.
Turist olarak mı, iş için mi?
As a tourist or on business?
Arkadaşın olarak konuşuyorum.
I'm talking as your friend.
İnsan olarak nasıl?
How is she as a person?
Hediye olarak aldım.
I bought (it) as a present.
Meze olarak ne var?
What is there as a starter?
Bu kutuyu masa olarak kullanıyorum.
I use this box as a table.
Çiçeklere bastım.
I squashed the flowers.
Anneme sordum.
I asked my mother.
Ona yardım ettim.
I helped her.
Bana haber vermedin.
You didn't tell me.
Mercedes'e vurdu.
He hit a Mercedes.
-e basmak
to tread on, squash
-e sormak
to ask
-e yardım etmek
to help
-e haber vermek
to inform, tell
-e vurmak
to hit
Yemekten hoşlanıyorum.
I like food, I like eating.
Örümceklerden korkuyor.
He's afraid of spiders.
Köprüden geçtik.
We've passed over the bridge.
Savaştan behsetmeyin!
Don't mention the war!
-den hoşlanmak
to enjoy
-den korkmak
to be afraid of
-den geçmek
to pass over
-den bahsetmek
to mention, discuss
Bir elektrikçiyle evlenecek.
She's going to marry an electrician.
ile evlenmek
to get married to
-dir
formal ending meaning 'is'
cevap
answer
müsaade eder misiniz?
would you mind? excuse me.
dolu
full, packed
şapka
hat
çıkartmak
to take off
manav
greengrocer
geçerli
valid
çıkış
exit
bozuk
out of order
yasak
forbidden
at
horse
kapı
door, gate
tutmak
to hold
kapamak
to close
bütün
whole
pratik yapmak
to practise
muayene etmek
to examine
öksürük
cough
hasta
ill (ill person)
cevap vermek
to answer
ağız
mouth
saymak
to count
ayna
mirror
makyaj
make up
-e inanmak
to believe in
karınca
ant
gemi
boat
hiçbir şey
nothing
apartman
apartments
sebze
vegetables
meyve
fruit
gidelim mi?
shall we go?
artık
now
hAlA
yet
kaçırmak
to miss
ödemek
to pay
yetmek
to be enough
bir şey değil
you're welcome
kısmak
to reduce, lower, turn down
yüksek
high, loud
rica ederim
you're welcome
kapatmak
to close