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15 Cards in this Set

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Chisholm v. Georgia
1793
This case involved two South Carolinians who sued Georgia because Georgia owed money to a British creditor. Georgia refused to participate in the case and the cout passed down a sentence favorable to the British creditor.
Fletcher v. Peck
1810
This case involved a corrupt Gerogia legislature that had sold land to speculators after they had been bribed. When the next legislature met, the legislators rescanded the sale. Marshall handed down a decision favorable to the speculators and stated that no matterhow a contract was obtained. the state could not make the contract void.
Martin v. Hunters Lessee
1816
This case asserted that state and federal courts were not equal and that state judges must decide cases according to the Constitution. This was the first time a state court's decision was overtured.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
1819
This case involved the seizure of Darthmouth College by the New Hampshire state legislature. The Supreme Court ruled that contracts made by private corporations were protected by the Constitution and that a state can not alter them.
Cohens v. Virginia
1821
This case involved the Cohens' who were arrested for selling lottery tickets in Virginia even though they had permission from Congress. Marshall ruled that the Court had the power to review state decisions and that citizens could appeal to the Supreme Court.
Gibbons v. Ogden
1824
This case invlved two steamboat operators with conflicting charters for control of steamboats in the New York City harbor. The Supreme Court ruled that the federal charters overruled state charters and that only the federal goverment had the right to control interstate commerce.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
1831
This case involved the Cherokees' effort to stop Georgia's declartion that the laws of the Cherokee Nation were void. The Court ruled that while it could not stop Georgia from making their laws void, the Cherokees were a domestic nation and possessed some sovereignty.
Worcester v. Georgia
1832
In this case, Marshall ruled that Georgia had no control over the Cherokee Nation and their land holdings, and that Georgia could not relocate the Cherokes. This case was the first time that the Court sided with the Indians, but Jackson's refusal to enforce it led to the Trail of Tears and Cherokee removal from Georgia.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
1837
This case involved a charter of the Charles River Bridge Company that prevented Massachusetts from building a new bridge across the Charles River. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that no charter given to a private company had the right to harm the public interest. This decision stated that the rights of a community supersede the rights of a private corporation.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
1842
In this case, the Supreme Court of Massachusetts ruled that trade union organization and striking tactics were legal as long as their methods were honroable and peaceful. Unions did not take shape until later in the century because many judges stillconsidered them illegal.
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
1842
This case involved a Pennsylvania law that prohibited the capture and return of runaway slaves was a federal power, thus making the state law unconstitutional. Northern states responded by prohibiting state officials from helping anyone pursuing runaway slaves.
Ableman v. Booth
1859
This case involved the arrest of Booth by the federal government for helping a fugitive slave escape from a federal marshall. The Wisconsin Supreme Court issued a writ to release him but Tney ruled that the federal goverment had supremacy over states, so the writ was not recognized.
Exparte Merryman
1861
In this case, John Merryman was arrested when Lincoln declared marital law in Baltimore. Merryman was involved in a mob attack on Union soldiers. Chief Justice Taney issued a write for Merryman's release but Lincooln refused to accept it so Taney wrote a letter to Lincoln, criticizing him for his usurpation of the power of Congress during the Civil War.
Mississippi v. Johnson
1867
This case involved an attempt by the state of Mississippi to dissuade President Johnson from enforcing the reconstruction Acts. The Supreme Court ruled that neither the executive nor the legislative branches can be restrained from carrying out their duties so long as they stay within their powers.
Texas v. White
1869
This case involved the sale of the US bonds by the Texas goverment after it seceded from the Union. The Supreme Court ruled that secessio was impossible because the union between Texas and the other states is perpetual and indissoluble.