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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Absence seizures
Ethosuximide
Acute gout attack
NSAIDs, Colchicine
Acute promyelocytic luekemia (M3)
All-trans retinoic acid
ADHD
Methylphenidate, amphetamines
Alcohol abuse
AA + disulfuram for patient and Al-Anon for family
Alcohol withdrawl
Benzodiazepines
Anorexia
SSRIs
Anticoagulation during pregnancy
Heparin
Anxiety
Buspirone
Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue
Class 1B antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocamide)
B12 deficiency
B12
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Tamsulosin, finasteride
Bipolar disorder
Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine (mood stabilizers)
Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman
Aromatase inhibitor
Buerger's disease
Smoking cessation
Bulemia
SSRIs
Candida albicans
Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitis)
Carcinoid syndrome
Octreotide (synthetic somatastatin)
Chlamydia trachomatis
Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)
Chronic gout
Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol (overproducer)
Chronic hepatitis
IFN-alpha
Chronic myelogenous leukemia
Imatinib (for Phyladelphia chromosone leukemias)
Clostridium botulinum
Antitoxin
Clostridium difficile
Oral metronidazole, or oral vancomycin as last resort
Clostridium tetani
Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam
Crohn's disease
Corticosteroids, infliximab (TNF inhibitors)
Cryptococcus neoformans
Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)
Cystic fibrosis
N-acetylcysteine +antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)
Cytomegalovirus
Ganciclovir
Depression
SSRIs (first-line)
Diabetes insipidus
Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Dietary intervention (low-sugar) + insulin replacement
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemic (metformin first-line [not to be used in kidney failure], ACE inhibitors [kidney protective]), and insulin (if still uncontrolled)
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Fluids!, insulin, K+ (psuedohyperkalemia)
Enterococci
Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside
Erectile dysfunction
Sidenafil
ER-positive breast cancer
Tamoxifen
Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication
Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor), can also use ethanol as a competetive antagonist
Folate deficiency
folate
Haemophilus influenzae (B)
rifampin (prophylaxis), vaccinate
Hemorrhagic cystitis
Mesna (helps to avoid side affect of cyclophosphamide by binding toxic metabolite acroleine)
Heparin toxicity (acute)
Protamine sulfate
HER2/neu-positive breast cancer
Traztuzumab
Hyperaldosteronism
Spironolactone
Hypercholesterolemia
Statin (first-line)
Hypertriglyceridemia
Fibrate
Immediate anticoagulation
Heparin
Infertility
Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsitile)
Influenza
Amantadine/rimantadine (amantadine also used in PD)
Legionella pneumophila
Erythromycin
Long-term anticoagulation
Warfarin
Malaria
Chloroquinine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite [ovale and vivax])
Malignant hyperthermia
Dantrolene
Medical abortion
Mifepristone (MTX for ectopic pregnancy)
Migraine
Sumatriptan
MRSA
Vancomycin
Multiple sclerosis
Beta-interferon
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
RIPES (rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent chlamydia)
Neisseria meningitidis
Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)
Neural tube defect prevention
folate
osteomalacia/rickets
vitamin D supplementation
Patend ductus arteriosus (to close)
Indomethacin
Patent ductus arteriosus (to keep open)
misoprostol
Pheochromocytoma
alpha-antagonists
Pneumocystis jiroveci
TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS < 200 CD4 count)
Prolactinoma
Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)
Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids
Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)
Prostate carcinoma
Flutamide
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Antipsuedomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside
Pulmonary hypertension
Bosentan
Rickettsia rickettsii
Tetracycline, chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)
Ringworm infections
Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole
Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)
5-HT2A antagonists (e.g. olanzapine)
Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)
D2 receptor antagonist
SIADH
Demeclocycline, lithium
Sickle cell anemia
Hydroxyurea (increases HbF)
Sporothrix schenckii
Oral KI
Stable angina
Sublingual nitroglycerin
Staphylococcus aureus
Methicillin/naficillin
Streptococcus bovis
Penicillin prophylaxis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia) vancomycin (meningitis)
Streptococcus pyogenes
Penicillin prophylaxis
Temporal arteritis
High-dose steroids
Tonic-clonic seizures
Phenytoin, valporate, carbamazepine
Toxoplasma gondii
Sulfonamide + pyrimethane
Treponema pallidum
Penicillin
Trichomonas vaginalis
Metronidazole (patient and partner)
Ulcerative colitis
5-ASA, infliximab
UTI prophylaxis
TMP-SMX
Warfarin toxicity
Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vitamin K (chronic)
Wegner's granulomatosis
Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids