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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adoption of the Declaration of Independence
-Arrival of the Pilgrims and signing of the Mayflower Compact
-Jamestown, Virginia (first permanent English settlement in America)
-writing of the U.S. Constitution
-Louisiana Purchase (doubled the size of the U.S.)
-Civil War
Magna Carta
-1215-gave us the idea of limited government (even kings have to obey the law)
Mayflower Compact
-1620-Separatists (aka Pilgrims) and Strangers signed this document (“civil body politic”/majority rules)
English Bill of Rights
-1689-influenced the U.S. Bill of Rights (example: trial by jury)
Declaration of Independence-1776
-listed grievances (complaints) against King George III and Parliament
U.S. Constitution
-1787-Set up the three branches of government we still have today
Bill of Rights
-the first ten amendments to the Constitution that protect individual rights
Federalist Papers
-1787-Eighty-five (85) essays written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison explaining why Americans should ratify (approve) the Constitution
Marbury v. Madison-(midnight judges)
-established judicial review (the Supreme Court can declare federal laws unconstitutional)
McCulloch v. Maryland-(Bank)
-Said states can’t interfere with federal institutions
Gibbons v. Ogden-(steamboats)
Said the federal government has control over interstate commerce (business/trade/transportation)
Worcester v. Georgia-(Cherokees)
Said the Cherokees were an independent nation and didn’t have to leave Georgia
Dred Scott v. Sanford-(slavery)-
Said slaves were property and could be taken to any state
Hudson River School-
American landscape painters (focused on nature and American scenes)
John James Audubon
-artist known for his paintings of birds in America