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279 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

to give up a position, right or power

The king abdicated his throne.

synonyms: quit, resign, renounce, step down

forcefully and wrongfully to carry, take or lead away

The kidnappers abducted the child.

synonyms: kidnap, carry off

to hate, to view with repugnance, to detest

Her mother said, "I abhor violence."

synonyms: hate, loathe, abominate

ridiculously unreasonable, lacking logic

His argument was absurd.

ridiculous, ludicrous, preposterous, bizarre, inane

deep hole; deep immeasureable space, gulf or cavity

She fell into the abyss.

synonyms: chasm, pit

to increase in speed, cause to move faster

Press the gas peddle to accelerate.

speed up, hasten, expedite

praise, enthusiastic approval

Her research won her great accalaim.

synonyms: praise, approval, plaudit, adulation

to approve, to praise, to applaud

The students acclaimed their teacher for her work.

synonyms: cheer, applaud, praise, honor, exalt, extol

sharp in some way (as in geometry or in intellect); crucial (as in "acute shortage")

Her mind was still acute. She had an acute need to be around her loved ones.

synonyms: sharp, shrewd, keen, perceptive, crucial

old saying, proverb

She loved the adage her aunt told her.

synonyms: proverb, maxim

to stick

The chewing gum adhered to the bottom of her shoe. He adhered to the teachings of the Catholic Church

synonyms: stick to; follow

to suspend for a period of time; to postpone

They adjourned the meeting.

synonyms: suspend, recess, postpone

associated with as in a secondary position

She was not a regular member of the faculty; she was an adjunct professor.

synonyms: accessory, assisting

to scold; to remind; to advise against something

He admonished her not to forget her mother's birthday.

synonyms: warn, caution, scold

to decorate or add beauty to

She adorned her hair with flowers.

synonyms: decorate, ornament, embellish

opponent, enemy

Time was her adversary.

synonyms: enemy, foe, opponent

relating to aircraft

He wanted to be an aeronautic engineer because he loved airplanes

pleasantly easy to get along with; friendly and warm.

She was so affable that no one could dislike her.

synonyms: agreeable, amiable, amicable

putting on airs; pretense; a false impression

He had an affectation of using a French accent when speaking to his friends.

pretension, artificiality, airs, sham, facade, pose

overcome by surprise, disgust or amazement; shocked

She was aghast that they put their grandmother in a nursing home.

synonyms: shocked, appalled astounded, dismayed, astonished

being able to move quickly and easily; being nimble

She was a great softball player and mathematician; she had physical and mental agility.

synonyms: nimbleness, dexterity, deftness

able to move quickly, easily and nimbly

She was an agile second baseman.

synonyms: nimble, deft

to shake or grow excited; to excite

He was so disruptive in class that he agitated the teacher.

synonyms: stir up, disturb, upset

lacking purpose or goals

He wandered walked around in an aimless fashion.

synonyms: purposeless, haphazard, accidental

lessen, to make easier

Her love alleviated their sorrow.

synonyms: lessen, decrease, relieve, soothe, mitigate, assuage, ease, allay

fascination, appeal

The internet has great allure to Rocco.

synonyms: temptation, attraction, fascination

distant in relations with other people

Blaze was not blase; she was not aloof from her friends.

synonyms: distant, detached, cool, blase

concerned for the welfare of others.

Blaze is an altruistic kid.

synonyms: benevolent, charitable

not a professional; someone not paid to engage in a sport, art, etc.

She was an amateur naturalist, but hoped to become a professional one someday.

synonyms: non-professional, buff, devotee, dabbler, enthusiast

to alter, to add to or subtract from formally

The founders amended the constitution.

synonyms: alter, improve, repair, mend, make better

having to do with love

Rocco wrote amorous poems to Angelina.

synonyms: romantic

without shape or form;

His essay was like an amoeba; it was amorphous.

synonyms: shapeless, vague

synonyms: shapeless, vague

animal capable of breathing in air or water.

Frogs are amphibians.

having clear angles; having bony facial features

The lead character, Joey, in No Promises in the wind had a lean and angular face.

ill will, intense dislike

There is great animosity between the Shiite Muslims and the Sunni Muslims in Iraq.

synonyms: ill will, bitterness, rancor, acrimony, enmity

destroy completely

The hydrogen bomb is capable of annihilating an entire city.

synonyms: destroy, devastate, demolish

substance that can counteract poison

The rattlesnake bit him; he needed an antidote quickly.

synonyms: counteragent, neutralizer, remedy


The aperture of a camera lens is a circular opening that changes size to regulate the amount of light going through.

synonyms: hole, opening, gap

composed mostly of, containing

She used an aqueous solution of sulfuric acid.

synonyms: watery, hydrous, aquatic

characterized by passion or desire

The knight showed his ardent love for her by battling the dragon.

synonyms: passionate, fervent

very dry, lacking moisture; unimaginative

Like the Sahara Desert, his prose was arid.

synonyms: dry, parched, barren, dull, uninteresting, insipid

fragrance, odor, smell

I love the aroma of fresh coffee.

synonyms: fragrance, odor

well-spoken, clearly presented

After learning her SSAT vocabulary, Blaze was quite articulate.

synonyms: eloquent

to speak clearly

The teacher asked Chloe to articulate her reasons for her opinion.

synonyms: enunciate
artifice (1)

clever ruse, ploy

The Greeks use of a wooden horse was a brilliant artifice.

synonyms: ruse, ploy, stratagem, trick, deception

to find out or discover by examination

George Washington sent out scouts to ascertain the precise location of the British troops.

synonyms: determine, discover, unearth, find out

able to be attacked

Her argument was like a house of straw; it was quite assailable.

synonyms: vulnerable, unprotected

to overwhelm with amazement

Your brilliance never ceases to astound me.

synonyms: amaze, stun, stupify

shrewd and perceptive; able to understand quickly.

Fagan was an astute leader of young orphans.

synonyms: shrewd, foxy, crafty, wily; discerning, perceptive, incisive

horrible act

The genocide in Darfur is an atrocity.

synonyms: horror, barbarity, outrage

boldness or daring

Oliver had the audacity to ask for more gruel.

synonyms: boldness, daring, a lot of nerve, impudence

having great authority

Mrs. Mordente is an authoritative writing teacher

synonyms: masterful

boringly predictable

George Bush's speech was banal.

synonyms: insipid, boring, dull, bland

to send away, to exile

After the food fight, the principal banished Kevin from the lunchroom.

synonyms: exile, expel, send away, get rid of

something that makes progress harder; a limit or boundary

Illiteracy is a barrier to progress. Jenna and Blaze wanted a barrier down the middle of their room.

synonyms: obstacle, limitation

to delude, deceive by trickery

Rocco beguiled Mom into letting him go to Connor and Will's.

synonyms: charm, allure, bewitch, captivate

aggressive hostility

Rocco displayed great belligerence when Mom told him to brush his teeth.

synonyms: combativeness, hostility

someone who gives financial assistance

Interlochen is lucky to have several benefactors.

synonyms: patron, backer, donor

conferring benefit, advantageous, helpful

Mrs. Persau's assistance is beneficial.

synonyms: advantageous, favorable

inclination to do good deeds

The king showed great benevolence to his people.

synonyms: kindliness, favor, largess

(adjective or noun)
confused, puzzled, perplexed

The algebra problem bewildered her.

synonyms: confused, perplexed,

prejudice, inclination

Since his mother was Irish, he loved and had a strong bias for Irish things.

synonyms: partiality

to cause prejudice, to influence unfairly.

Osama bin Laden has tried to bias many Arab youth against the United States.

synonyms: prejudice, negatively influence

ill temper, irritability

The teacher displayed bile towards her students.

synonyms: bitterness, bad temper

supreme happiness; utter joy or contentment; heaven; paradise

To finish studying vocabulary, for Blaze was bliss.

synonyms: joy, delight, ecstasy

being brief; not lasting a long time

The laconic speaker loved brevity.

synonyms: shortness, terseness, swiftness

(1) abundance or (2) reward

The harvest was bountiful.

He was a bounty hunter in the Old West; he captured outlaws for a bounty, a reward.

synonyms: abundance, cornucopia, reward

showy and pretentious display of courage; false courage

The coward's bravado quickly vanished when the outlaws pointed a gun at him.

synonyms: swagger, bluster

to persuade with flattery; to coax; to wheedle

Alice tried to cajole her Dad into buying her a laptop

synonyms: coax, wheedle

quarrelsome and grouchy

Oscar the Grouch is usually cantankerous

synonyms: grouchy, ill-tempered

whim, impulse, an idea that just pops into your head; something unplanned

On a caprice, she dove into the river for a swim with all her clothes on.

synonyms: whim, impulse

relating to the heavens

The planets are celestial bodies.

synonyms: heavenly, divine

to remove parts of books, plays or other writings; such as offensive words

The teacher censored all the bad words from a novel before letting the children read it.

synonyms: suppress, delete

person who removes parts of books, plays or other writings; such as offensive words

In some societies, there are censors who censor all newspapers to remove criticism of the government.

synonyms: government editor

continuing over a long time; long standing

Some people suffer chronic fatigue.

synonyms: persistent, constant, continuous

to encircle

Magellan circumscribed the globe. A fence circumscribed the property.

synonyms: encircle; outline; encompass

bad tempered

The choleric baby was being exceptionally cantankerous.

synonyms: bad-tempered

to overlook, tolerate, allow

The mother condoned the child's animosity.

synonyms: overlook, accept, tolerate

to tighten, squeeze.

As her throat began to swell, her airways constricted.

synonyms: squeeze, tighten, stifle

thoughtful observation

She sat in blissful contemplation in the wolf preserve

synonyms: meditation; thought

(1) to fight or struggle against, to debate; (2) to assert.

Their team was contending for first place.

synonyms: compete, argue, assert

eager to quarrel

Rocco was being very contentious today.

synonyms: quarrelsome, cantankerous, pugnacious

to assemble or meet

The school board members convene once a month.

synonyms: assemble, gather

established or approved by general usage

She liked to dress in a conventional manner, so she wore nothing outlandish.

synonyms: customary, normal

abundant, large in number

In making her study guide, she wrote copious notes.

synonyms: abundant, plentiful, profuse

to approve or support; condone

When the child became cantankerous, the mother said, "I will not countenance such behavior."

synonyms: condone, approve

face or facial expression

The music teacher had a warm countenance.

synonyms: appearance, demeanor, visage

two rhyming lines of a poem

She loved to write couplets.

person who carries messages, news or information

Lena's first job was as a courier.

synonyms: carrier, runner, messenger

signal, hint

The play director insisted that each performer begin right on cue.

synonyms: signal, hint, prompt

curved nature

She could not stand straight up because she suffered from curvature of the spine

synonyms: arc, bow

waste time with idle lingering

Please don't dawdle; you're late for school!

synonyms: linger, dally

scarcity, lack

There was a dearth of food; the only copious item was water

synonyms: shortage, scarcity

deception, trickery

He was too altruistic to use deceit to achieve his goals.

synonyms: dishonesty, fraudulence, deception

exercise in giving speeches; sometimes meaning a long speech

Preacher Herman's declamation made many of the congregation members drowsy.

synonyms: long speech

to depress or make sad

She was mature enough not to become dejected when her adversary won the tournament.

synonyms: discourage, dishearten, sadden

to deceive, mislead

It was not just bravado; he was actually deluded into thinking that he was strong enough to climb the mountain.

synonyms: deceive, dupe

flood, great rainstorm; metaphorically, an outpouring of something like emotion

It had gotten so arid that they prayed for a deluge.

synonyms: flood, torrent, overflow

to flood, to overflow

His fans held him in such acclaim that they deluged him with fan mail.

synonyms: to inundate, to flood,

to reduce in rank or grade(opposite of promote)

She was demoted back to the third grade.

synonyms: downgrade

to regard as deeply regrettable

I deplore your aggressive behavior

synonyms: regret, lament, denounce, condemn

state of being destroyed, barren

The terrible deluge brought devastation and desolation to the village.

synonyms: barrenness, bleakness

deserving scorn or contempt

His chronic bile was despicable.

synonyms: contemptible, hateful, mean, vile, detestable

in a state of deep depression

The former general was despondent after being demoted to colonel.

synonyms: depressed, morose, desolate, forlorn

without something; poor

After the deluge brought desolation to her village, she was despondent because she was destitute

synonyms: bereft, devoid, lacking, poor, impoverished

someone passionately devoted

She was a devotee of Johnny Depp; she deluged him with fan mail.

synonyms: enthusiast, fan, admirer

deeply religious

Agnes was ardently religious. She was devout. Indeed, she was pious (holy).

synonyms: pious, religious

skill in using hands or body; agility

The pianist had great dexterity and could play very quickly.

synonyms: skill, agility

dark or drab in color; shabby; squalid; dirty

He was so destitute that all he owned were his dingy clothes.

synonyms: shabby, dirty, filthy

loud, confusing noise

The children were so boisterous in the cafeteria that they made quite a din.

synonyms: clamor, noise

to scatter or spread widely

They disseminated the newsletters by courier instead of mail, because they wanted the recipients to get them quickly.

synonyms: spread widely, broadcast, disperse

tactful; skilled in conducting negotiations between nations

The king was in a cantankerous mood, so the queen, who wanted him to give the people a holiday, approached him diplomatically.

synonyms: tactful

to deny ownership of or association with

Since he had gotten over his fit of bile, he deceitfully disclaimed ever having been in a bad mood

synonyms: repudiate, reject, disown, disavow, renounce

causing gloom; cheerless

The dingy cell they put him in made him dismal.

synonyms: miserable, dreary

covering a wide set of topics

She tried to cajole the discursive teacher into sticking to one main point.

synonyms: rambling

to remove or take off

Deluded into believing that there was no one around, they doffed their clothes and went in for a swim only to hear the shouts of bar patrons observing from below.

synonyms: to shed

persistent in effort; tenacious

Even though he was being abducted, the child doggedly fought the kidnappers.

synonyms: tenacious, stubbornly determined

unquestioning belief in certain ideas

The dogmatic priest adhered completely to the Bible and would not consider any different ideas.

synonyms: opinionated, absolute, dictatorial

overflowing with enthusiasm, excitement or fervor; high-spirited.

The harvest had produced such bounty that the farmers were ebulient.

synonyms: bubbling, exuberant, enthusiastic

odd, unorthodox, unconventional

The young woman did so many things on mere caprice that her friends thought her eccentric.

synonyms: odd, unconventional

an odd person

The eccentric did absolutely nothing in a conventional way.

synonyms: oddball, weirdo, nonconformist


Even though she was really frightened, her bravado had the desired effect: the robber ran away.

synonyms: result

to cause; to produce; to bring about

Thomas Jefferson's dogged efforts effected the changes he wanted: ten amendments were added to the Constitution.

synonyms: bring about; cause; produce

difficult to find; difficult to catch

Robin Hood was a very elusive adversary for the Sheriff of Nottingham.

synonyms: slippery, evasive

to add detail or decoration

She embellished her writing with copious details.

synonyms: elaborate, expand, ornament

distinguished; high in rank

The students acclaimed the eminent scholar.

synonyms: prominent, famous, distinguished

copy, imitate

Don't emulate your brother! All he does is dawdles.

synonyms: imitate, simulate, copy

to make into law

Congress refused to enact most of Truman's Fair Deal proposals.

synonyms: to pass a law

to form a circle around

Mountains encompassed the entire valley; in fact, they circumscribed it.

synonyms: encircle, circumscribe

to approve, to support

He would not endorse his teacher's dogmatic views.

synonyms: approve, support, authorize

puzzle, mystery

He could not figure out what she was thinking; her countenance was an enigma.

synonyms: mystery, riddle, puzzle

to capture in, as in a snare; to involve

I'm an honest person. I don't want to be ensnared in one of your artifices.

synonyms: trap

to make a mistake

He did not deliberately engage in deceit. He simply erred.

synonyms: to make an error

knowledgeable and learned

The teacher deserved her reputation for eminence; she was quite erudite.

synonyms: learned, knowledgeable, wise

code of social behavior

During a declamation, it is improper etiquette to make noise.

Synonyms: manners, decorum

to delete or omit completely

In some countries, the censors expunge from newspapers all criticisms of the government.

synonyms: delete, erase, obliterate

to release from difficulty or entanglement

The compassionate naturalist extricated the hawk that had gotten ensnared in a fishing line.

synonyms: disengage, release

outgoing or interested in people

She was so extroverted that she never had a dearth of friends.

synonyms: outgoing, gregarious

someone with excessive enthusiam

She wasn't just a devotee of Johnny Depp; she was a fanatic and had her whole room decorated with his pictures.

synonyms: zealot

to tire out

After awhile, the din of the party fatigued me.

synonyms: tire out, make weary

tiredness; weariness

He suffered from chronic fatigue and on most days fell asleep during class.

synonyms: exhaustion

animal life in a given area

We tried to observe the fauna of the Pacific Northwest, but much of it was elusive.

synonyms: animals, wildlife

showing great warmth, intensity, enthusiasm

Susan B. Anthony fervently disseminated her views about the rights of women.

synonyms: warm, eager, enthusiastic

easily changeable, especially in emotions

Although she expressed her fervent love for him last week, she was fickle and dumped him for a new boyfriend yesterday.

synonyms: inconstant; changeable
fidelity (1)


He said to the traitor, "We cannot condone your lack of fidelity to our nation."

synonyms: loyalty, allegiance, devotion
fidelity (2)


He said to the perjurer, "We cannot condone your lack of fidelity to the truth."

synonyms: truthfulness, accuracy

outrageously glaring, notorious

"You're flagrant insults are despicable. You should learn to be more diplomatic."

synonyms: glaring, obvious

not serious; not respectful of other's feelings

I cannot endorse your flippant remark; you should think before you speak.

synonyms: frivolous, irreverent

able to inspire awe or wonder because of power or size

Their erudite classmate was a formidable member of the debating team.

synonyms: impressive, awe-inspiring

basis or groundwork of something, whether a building or idea

His dogmatic views had no real foundation.

synonyms: groundwork, basis


He was so frequently choleric that he made everything dismal.

synonyms: often, common

to visit often

numerous types of fauna frequented the stream.

synonyms: visit often

ineffective, useless

It is futile to deny it; we saw you steal the cookies. Don't try to disclaim your involvement.

synonyms: useless, pointless, hopeless

to sprout, to bud

As if on cue, the seeds she planted germinated exactly one week later.

synonyms: sprout, grow

having a ready flow of words, a fast talker (implies deceitful).

He wasn't just garrulous; he was downright glib so I didn't trust him.

synonyms: flip, verbose (in a negative way)

fond of company

He was so gregarious that he did not mind the din of a lively party.

synonyms: sociable, amiable, convivial

odd or unnatural

The gathering of Death Eaters that Voldemort convened was grotesque.

synonyms: bizarre, outlandish, ugly

to humble oneself, to beg

The toady was grovelling before the king. He was a complete sycophant.

synonyms: beg, crawl

grisly, horrible

Edgar Allen Poe embellishes many of his stories with gruesome descriptions.

synonyms: frightful, ghastly


Devout Muslims regard the holy city of Mecca as hallowed ground.

synonyms: holy, sacred

omen, sign of a future event

Some people contend (assert) that the groundhog's appearance on February 2nd is a harbinger of spring.

synonyms: omen, precursor

careful attention

He is just a contentious (argumentative) person. Pay him no heed.

synonyms: listen to

small, miserable shack

The eccentric old man lived in a dingy, dismal hovel.

synonyms: shack, shanty

spotless, free from error

Mom was ebullient when Katherine cleaned her room so well that it was immaculate.

synonyms: spotless, errorless, faultless, unblemished, impeccable

about to happen, on the verge of occurring

She was so fickle and lacking fidelity that her decision to switch boyfriends was imminent.

synonyms: impending, approaching

incapable of being penetrated; unable to be influenced

The building's foundation was impervious to mice and other pests. She was impervious to their scorn.

synonyms: impenetrable

lacking respect for religion

The devout worshpers viewed her flippant remark as impious.

synonyms: sacrilegious, irreverent

suggest without stating directly

His fervent declamation implied that he was really a fanatic.

synonyms: suggest, hint, intimate


If you sit with your leg under you, you may inadvertently constrict the blood flow to it, and "put it to sleep."

synonyms: unintentional, accidental

motivation to do something, inducement

The meeting had become rancorous, so they had great incentive to adjourn it.

synonyms: motive, inducement

not believing

He was so obnoxious that I was incredulous when he said he had written a book on etiquette.

synonyms: disbelieving, skeptical

having no power to move or react

He was so fatigued that he was almost inert.

synonyms: sluggish, dormant, inactive, lethargic

creativity, cleverness

Although she was only an amateur scientist, her invention showed great ingenuity.

synonyms: creativity, inventiveness

sly suggestion made to cause suspicion

The censor expunged the writer's insinuation that the king had become feeble.

synonyms: hint, suggestion, implication

rebel, person who rebels

The insurgents wanted to effect a change in the government.

synonyms: rebel

rebellious; starting a revolt

The insurgent students had the audacity (boldness, impudence) to lock the principal in her office.

synonyms: rebellious

full of anger

The irate mob had nothing but animosity for the king.

synonyms: angry, infuriated, enraged

to mock in an abusive way

The incredulous crowd jeered when the governor said that he would enact new laws to protect them.

synonyms: ridicule, mock, scoff

having wise judgment

The first Constitutional Convention judiciously amended the Constitution.

synonyms: wise, sage, sagacious

shallow body of water connected to a larger one

He had to extricate his pet cat from the lagoon into which it had fallen.

synonyms: inlet, pool

drowsiness, tiredness

His feeling of lethargy was so strong that he remained essentially inert.

synonyms: sluggishness, fatigue

bending and moving easily

At fifty seven years old, try as he might, he could not emulate the movements of the limber teenager.

synonyms: agile, supple

having great or noble spirit, acting generously

His kindness was no affectation; he was genuinely magnanimous and altruistic

synonyms: big-hearted, generous, noble, princely

amazing thing; something marvelous

The automatic aperture on his new camera was a marvel: it let in just the right amount of light.

synonyms: a wonder, a miracle

to be full of wonder; be greatly impressed, be amazed

I marvel at your formidable strength.

synonyms: be amazed

very small or insufficient

Oliver's food was so meager, he had to grovel for more.

synonyms: slight, skimpy, inadequate, insufficient

humble and submissive

He was the opposite of extroverted; he was meek.

synonyms: passive, docile, compliant

very sad or depressing

The meager hovel in which he had to live made him frequently melancholy.

synonyms: gloomy, mournful

tiny, miniature

The bee sting caused her throat to constrict to the point that she had only a miniscule opening through which to breathe

synonyms: microscopic, minute

poorly conceived, poorly planned

Devastation was imminent because their battle plan was misbegotten; they put it together too hastily.

synonyms: ill-conceived; illegitimate

cloudy, hazy, not well defined

Their reasons for considering the field hallowed were nebulous at best; perhaps they thought it was the site of a great battle.

synonyms: hazy, cloudy, ill-defined, unclear

offensive and very disagreeable

His flagrant farting was obnoxious.

synonyms: offensive, repugnant, repellant

hard to see, unknown

She spoke so circuitously that her main point was obscure.

synonyms: vague, unclear

to hide or make difficult to find

His grotesque face obscured his gentle and magnanimous soul.

synonyms: hid, clouded over

outmoded; outdated; no longer useful

Once he had one the lottery, his hovel became obsolete.

synonyms: outdated, passe, outmoded

to get in the way of, to block, to hamper

A recently formed lagoon obstructed his path.

synonyms: block, clog, impede

relating to the sense of smell

The deer must heed its olfactory sense; if it smells a wolf it must run.

threatening, menacing, having the character of an evil omen

The gruesome discovery of a half-eaten antelope was ominous; it implied that a large predator was nearby.

synonyms: foreboding

appropriate time to do something; timely; lucky

It was an opportune time for a dinner party; mom had just cleaned the house and it was immaculate.

synonyms: timely, appropriate, lucky

to circle around something else

The moon orbits the earth, which orbits the Sun; the wolfpack orbited the herd of deer.

synonyms: circle, revolve around

the path of something that circles something else.

The wolves made three orbits around the deer herd, implying that an attack was imminent.

synonyms: circuit, revolution

good tasting

Although their dinner was meager, it was quite palatable.

synonyms: agreeable, appetizing, savory

apparent contradiction; something that is true but seems contrary to common sense

There is an old adage that states: "The paradox of government is that the person who desires power most is the one who should have it least."

synonyms: contradiction

false statements under oath

If you adhere to the truth, you cannot commit perjury.

synonyms: falsehood, lies

to turn to stone; to paralyze with fear

The ominous sound of a door creaking petrified him.

synonyms: fossilize, paralyze, stun

religiously devout or moral

She was so pious that she was impervious to temptation.

synonyms: devout, religious

believable, seeming to be true

Her claim that she ripped the shirt inadvertently was plausible.

synonyms: believable, conceivable, credible

stiff, unnatural formality

His pompous behavior of acting so important was obnoxious.

synonyms: stuffy, stiff, affected, pretentious, self-important

deep, wise, serious

He had profound understanding of the conflict and made a judicious decision

synonyms: wise, deep, sagacious

producing great amounts; fertile

His ingenuity made him a prolific inventor.

synonyms: productive, fertile

sharp, flavorful (sometimes too flavorful)

The pungent odor was an enigma; no one knew what caused it.

synonyms: biting, acrid, piquant

to quiet something raucous; crush, defeat, conquer

The army quelled the insurgents.

synonyms: suppress, overpower, overcome

large disorderly mob

He erred by inciting the rabble; he thought that he could control them but the irate mob quickly turned on him as well.

synonyms: crowd, mob, multitude, horde

plunder; search by taking everything out and leaving a mess

The impious robbers ransacked the church, looking for gold.

synonyms: plunder, pillage, loot

to completely destroy a building, city, etc.

The soldiers had an incentive to raise the building because snipers were firing at them from inside.

synonyms: demolish, destroy, flatten, wreck, level

one who lives and stays away from others

He was a recluse, the complete opposite of his brother, who was gregarious.

synonyms: hermit, loner

to occur again

Every time he stepped into the perfume factory, the same olfactory sensation would recur.

synonyms: repeat, return

giving off a strong, offensive odor

When she told him he reeked, he asked, "Are you insinuating that the awful smell came from me?"

synonyms: stink

royal, splendid

The rabble jeered at her regal attitude as the insurgents led her to the guillotine.

synonyms: royal, kingly, majestic

to rule over

The king reigned magnanimously.

synonyms: rule

period when a ruler is in power

The reign of Julius Caesar was a time of prolific growth of the Roman Empire.

synonyms: ruling period

to repay someone

The Government had to reimburse her after the soldiers inadvertently razed her home.

synonyms: compensate, repay


When the deluge subsided, it was an opportune time to reinforce the dam.

synonyms: support, strengthen

well-known, famous

The politician was renowned for his glib speeches.

synonyms: famed, notable

witty conversation

Renowned for his repartee, he was the life of the party.

synonyms: banter

to reject something one was once associated with

He repudiated his previously pious attitude.

synonyms: reject, disown, renounce

repulsive, revolting

To some people, the reek of pungent odors are repugnant.

synonyms: distasteful, offensive

celebrate noisily; have a party

During his brief reign, the king often reveled with his friends.

synonyms: celebrate, indulge

total defeat

The loss of the first battle was a harbinger of the rout to come.

synonyms: defeat, destruction

to defeat, to conquer

When ordered to battle, the soldiers shook off their lethargy and routed their enemies.

synonyms: defeat, overwhelm

moon; small thing going around a bigger thing

The moon is a satellite that orbits the earth. Sputnick was the first man-made satellite that orbited the earth.

synonym: moon

flippant, impertinent

Her saucy remarks got her in trouble with her parents.

synonyms: rude, flippant

overly critical

In her scathing remarks, she called the war in Iraq a misbegotten venture.

synonyms: searing, critical

division of groups

The animosity in Iraq dates back to the 8th Century schism between the Shiite and Sunni Muslims.

synonyms: division, disunity

acting with strict morality

She scrupulously guarded the regal banquet; she didn't take even a miniscule morsel for herself.

synonyms: moral, ethical conscientious, principled

to bubble from within, as a volcano

When the police ransacked her house, it made her anger seethe.

synonyms: boil, bubble

guard, watchman

Joe was too meek to be a good sentry.

synonyms: watchman, lookout

clever, keen-witted

She was too shrewd to let his opposition obstruct her from reaching her goals.

synonyms: clever, keen, astute, cunning, wily

meaningful, important

Her perjury was significant in that it caused the criminal to go free and obtructed justice.

synonyms: important,

threatening, evil, menacing

His sinister gaze petrified her.

synonyms: ominous, wicked

lack of tautness

There was no wind so there was a lot of slack in the lines to the sails.

synonyms: looseness

sluggish, idle, relaxed

The sentry was not doing his job; he was too slack.

synonyms: lax, negligent, careless, slow

to seek something from someone

The courier solicited reimbursement for his expenses.

synonyms: request, seek

join two pieces together

Film splicing, in which two pieces of film are glued together, is now obsolete; all splicing of scenes is now done electronically.

synonyms: join, connect, attach, link

reject with scorn

The melancholy child spurned her parents attempts to cheer her up.

synonyms: refuse, snub

very dirty or foul, wretched

The recluse lived in a dingy, squalid hovel in an arid desert.

synonyms: filthy, sordid, foul

steady, loyal

He was a staunch ally, who would never repudiate his support for the President.

synonyms: steadfast, firm, stable, faithful

sneaky, secret

Because she was so limber, she was able to climb to the roof in a stealthy manner.

synonyms: sneaky, clandestine, furtive

smooth, graceful and confident in speech and behavior (sometimes insincerely)

Because he was so suave when he dumped her, it made her seethe.

synonyms: smooth, gracious, sophisticated, courtly

to bring under control

The army needed reinforcements to quell, or subdue, the insurgents.

synonyms: control, overcome, vanquish

(verb) (1)
to follow, to come after

George Bush succeeded Bill Clinton as President of the United States.

synonyms: follow, replace

(verb) (2)
to prosper, do well

The Soviet Union succeeded in placing the first man-made satellite into orbit around the earth.

synonyms: achieve positive results

to be adequate or enough

The politician's nebulous promises did not suffice to win him votes.

synonyms: satisfy, be sufficient

overly abundant supply, an excess

At the banquet there was a surfeit of palatable food.

synonyms: overabundance, excess

to guess, to infer

He surmised their location, even though they were trying to be stealthy.

synonyms: guess, speculate, infer


The court appointed surrogate parents for the orphan; they scrupulously managed his wealth.

synonyms: substitute, proxy

tending not to speak, shy

Although he was taciturn, when he did speak his words were quite profound.

synonyms: shy, quiet, reserved, guarded

acting with sensitivity to others' feelings

Her remarks were too saucy and not tactful.

synonyms: diplomatic, discreet, judicious, thoughtful

to contaminate, to corrupt, to poison

He could no longer revel in his success, as his repugnant behavior had tainted the mood.

synonyms: contaminate, spoil, corrupt, stain

stretched tightly

The lines to the sails were taut; there was not the slightest slack in them.

synonyms: tight, tense, stretched

moderate, avoiding extreme positions

He was temperate by nature, but scathingly critical of the current government

synonyms: moderate, restrained, sensible


Although he was a staunch Republican, his support for George Bush was tepid at best.

synonyms: lukewarm, unenthusiastic, half-hearted

sign or symbol

She spurned the token he gave her to profess his love.

synonyms: symbol, expression

solely for show

She surmised that she was appointed to be the token woman on the committee.

synonyms: nominal, meaningless

extremely hot, scorching

Their romance was not tepid, it was torrid.

synonyms: sizzling, hot

fear, apprehension

Her trepidation recurred each time she saw the sinister man.

synonyms: fear, fright, anxiety

lacking originality

After awhile, what seemed like witty repartee became trite.

synonyms: unoriginal, uninspired, stale, banal

noise and confusion

In the midst of all the tumult, the army was able to subdue the crowd.

synonyms: disorder

harsh exercise of absolute power

After the emperor routed the supporters of democracy, he ruled by tyranny.

synonyms: oppression, repression

the highest or final point

Space and time are the ultimate paradox; they appear to have neither a beginning nor an end.

synonyms: maximum, final, fundamental

approved by everyone concerned

They unanimously voted for Jane to succeed John as chairperson of the club.

synonym: uncontested, unopposed

messy, sloppy

There was a surfeit of dirty clothes on the floor; the place was unkempt.

synonyms: sloppy, slovenly, untidy

to seize, to take by force

The dictator usurped power from the unanimously chosen president, and thereafter ruled by tyranny.

synonyms: seize, grab

to leave (as in vacation)

The schism with the king caused the prince to vacate the palace.

synonyms: leave, depart

with deep feeling

She was vehement in her view that the rebels had to be subdued.

synonyms: passionate, earnest, fervent


Being a token woman on the committee vexed her.

synonyms: irritate, bother, annoy

pale, lacking color

While he was suave at the outset, his complexion became wan as he realized that his two girlfriends were comparing notes.

synonyms: pale, ashen

without a reason

He wantonly solicited a murder.

synonyms: indiscriminately, randomly

miserable, pathetic

He was a wretched recluse.

synonyms: dejected, forlorn