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38 Cards in this Set

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Republic
a type of government in which the citizens who have the right to vote select their leaders; the leaders rule in the name of the people
Patrician
member of a wealthy, upper-class family in the ancient Roman Republic
Plebeian
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman Republic
Consul
one of two officials who led the ancient Roman Republic
Veto
the rejection of a bill by the President or of any planned action or rule by a person in power
Dictator
a person appointed to rule for six months in times of emergency, w/ all powers of a king
Romulus and Remus
twin brothers; according to legend, founded Rome in 753 B.C.
Etruscans
ancient people who lived in Etruria, Italy from at least 650 B.C. to 500 B.C.
Julius Caesar
Roman political and military leader; became dictator for life in 44 B.C.; greatly improved the Roman government; was murdered by Roman senators because of his great power
Octavian
Rome’s first emperor; wise and strong leader whose rule led to peace and wealth; also known as Augustus
Tiber River
a major river in Italy; Rome is built on its banks
Rome
the capital city of Italy; capital of the ancient Roman Empire
Italy
a boot-shaped country in southern Europe, including the islands of Sicily & Sardinia
Carthage
an ancient city on the northern coast of Africa; now a suburb of the city Tunis
Gaul
a region inhabited by the ancient Gauls; now present-day France, and parts of Belgium, Germany, and Italy
Province
a unit of an empire; the provinces of the Roman Empire each had a governor supported by an army
Aqueduct
a structure that carries water over long distances
Caligula
Roman emperor (A.D. 37-41) believed to be insane for much of his rule; was responsible for many disturbances during his reign
Hadrian
emperor of Rome from A.D. 117 to 138; one of Rome’s greatest emperors; worked to unify the empire
Greece
a country in Mediterranean Europe; site of a great ancient civilization
Colosseum
a large ampitheatre built in Rome around A.D. 70; site of contests and combats between people and animals
Circus
an arena in ancient Rome; also the show held there
Martial
Roman poet (A.D. 38-103); wrote poems about the early Roman Empire
Seneca
writer, philosopher, and statesman of ancient Rome
Messiah
a savior in Judaism and Christianity
Disciple
a follower of a person or belief
Gospel
in the Christian Bible, the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, which are the first four books of the New Testament
Epistle
a letter; in the Christian Bible, letters written by disciples like Paul to Christian groups
Martyr
a person who chooses to die for a cause he or she believes in
Jesus
founder of Christianity; believed by Christians to be the Messiah; executed by the Roman government; followers said he spoke to them after thhe death and rose bodily to heaven
Paul
disciple of Jesus, spent his later life spreading Jesus’ teachings; his writings helped turn Christianity into an organized religion
Nero
Roman emperor from A.D. 54 to 68; known for his mistreatment of the Christians
Judea (Judah)
the name of the southern half of the Kingdom of the Israelites (the northern half retained the name Israel); Jerusalem was it capital; also spelled Judea
Mercenary
a foreign soldier who serves in an army only for pay
Inflation
an economic situation in which there is more money of less value
Constantine
emperor of Rome from A.D. 312 to 337; encouraged the spread of Christianity
Diocletian
emperor of Rome from A.D. 284 to 305; reorganized the Roman government
Constantinople
the ancient capital of Byzantium; now Istanbul, Turkey