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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
isthmus
narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins 2 larger bodies of land
tributary
river or stream that flows to a main river
coral
a rock-like substance made up of tiny sea animal skeletons
El Nino
a warm ocean current that flows along the west coast of South America
elevation
height of land above sea level
quipu
a knotted string that the government and traders use to keep records
treaty
anagreement in writing made between 2 or more countries
hacienda
a plantation owned by spanish settlers or the Catholic Church in Spanish America
revolution
a political movement to overthrow the current government and set up a new one
invest
to spend money to earn more money
rural
haveing to do with coutryside
urban
having to do with cities
injustice
unfair
emigrate
to move from one coutry to another
immigrant
a person who's moved from 1 country into another
ethnic group
a group of people who share language, religion, and cultural traditions
Carnival
a annual celebration in Latin America with music, dancing, and parades
squatter
a person who settles on someone else's land without permission
plaza
the public square in a town, city, or village
migrant farmworker
a laberor who travels from 1 area to another picking crops that are in season
strike
refusal of work, to not work until certain demands are met
citizen
a person who has certain rights and certain responsibilities under a particualr government
commonwealth
a self-governing unit that has strong ties with another country
canopy
the dense mass of leaves, the top layer of a forest
privization
a policy by a government to sell its industries to individuals or private companies
boom
a period of increased prosperity an economic activity when more of a product is produced & sold
constitution
a statement of country's basic laws and values
dialecta
version of a language that's spoken in a particular region
exile
a person who leaves or is forced to leave their land 4 another country because of political reasons.
communist
having an economic system in which the government owns all large businesses and most of the country's land.
dictator
a ruler of a county that has total POWER!
Lock
a section of a waterway in which ships are raised or lowered by adjusting the water level
ladino
a guatemalan mestizo
import
to bring products into 1 country from another to sell
plateau
large area of mostly level land
treaty of tordesillas
the 1494 treaty setting up the Line of Demarcation
Line of Demarcation
an imaginary line from the North to the South Pole. Spain could settle and trade on the west and Portugal could do the same on the east.
conquistator
16th century conquerors workin gfor the spain gov't who were in charge of gaining land and wealth in the Americas
indigenous
people who are descendents of the people who 1st lived in a region