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10 Cards in this Set

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DRE: pt can't squeeze anal sphincter around finger. This implies what type of injury
Complete spinal cord injury
Tyoe of injury resulting in weakness and sensory loss of both upper and lower extremities with greater loss in upper ext.
Central cord syndrome/incomplete
name for spinal injury where half cord is cut/damaged
Name for injury where anterior spinal artery is damaged
Anterior cord/incomplete
What causes spinal shock
abrupt disruption of normal tonic discharge of impulses
S&S of neurogenic/spinal shock
Flaccid paralysis below injury
Absence of reflex activity below level (urinary retention, ileus)
Cause of neurogenic shock
Loss of sympathetic input to systemic vasculature/heart and subsequent loss of periph vasc resistance>vasodil>hypotension
Signals the end of spinal shock
Return of perianal reflex
Clinically this pt presents with paralyzed arms but no deficit of legs/bladder
Central cord syndrome
-Increased/decreased cutaneous sensation of pain/temp/touch on same side of spinal lesion
-Below level on same side: complete motor paralysis
-Below level on opposite side: loss of pain/temp/touch
-Limb with best motor fxn has poorest sensation and vice versa
Brown Sequard