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80 Cards in this Set

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Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

feo/a
ser: to be ugly

estar: to look ugly
SUJUNCTIVE irregulars
ir
saber
ser
ir: vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan

saber: sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

ser: sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean
IMPERFECT irregular
ver
ver:
vei'a
vei'as
vei'a
vei'amos
vei'an
-AR verb ending - PRETERIT
- e'
- aste
- o'
- amos
- aron
Pret/Imp. meaning changes

conocer
pret. beginning of knowing someone

imp. was acquainted with
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

vivo/a
ser: to be smart, lively

estar: to be alive
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

mismos/a
before: same

after: (the thing) itself
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

How is it constructed?
habre'
habra's
habra' + past participle!
habremos (ex: comido)
habra'n
- ER/IR verb endings - PRETERIT
- i'
-iste
-io'
-imos
-ieron
Pret/imp. meaning changes

poder
pret. could and did - effort put forth

imp. had the ability/opportunity, no reference to a specific effort of incident
Ser/Estar
in impersonal expressions
Ser
Ser/Estar
with a past participle to describe the resultant condition of a previous action
Estar
Direct Object pronouns
me
te
lo/la
nos
los/las
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

nuevo/a
before: another, different

after: brand new
PRETERIT irregulars
dar
ser
ir
dar: di, diste, dio, dimos, dieron

ser
and : fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron
ir
pret/imp. meaning changes

No poder
pret. failed to, a specific effort and failure implied

imp. no reference to a specific effort or failure
Ser/Estar

with a noun or pronoun identifying the subject?
ser
Ser/Estar
to express change from the norm, whether perceived or real
Estar
PRETERIT irregulars
estar
tener
andar
estar: estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvieron

tener: tuve, tuviste, tuvo, tuvimos, tuvieron

andar: anduve, anduviste, anduvo, anduvimos, anduvieron
pret/imp. meaning changes

querer
pret. wanted and acted upon it

imp. no reference to effort or success
Ser/Estar
with adjectives/nouns identifying nationality, religious and political beliefs or occupations?
ser
Verb ending (all) FUTURE TENSE!
-e'
-a's
-a'
-emos
-a'n
PAST PARTICIPLE irregulars (& meaning)
abrir
cubrir
decir
descubrir
abrir = abierto = opened
cubrir= cubierto = covered
decir= dicho = said
descubrir = descubierto = discovered, uncovered
FUTURE PERFECT

Translate:
Me habra'n dicho que vendra'n a visitarme.
They have told me that they will come to visit me.

Future perfect = have _______d
Diff. meaning SER/ESTAR

aburrido/a
ser: to be boring

estar: to be bored
Indirect object pronouns
me
te
le
nos
les
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

pobre
before: unfortunate

after: poor
PRETERIT irregulars
poner
saber
poner: puse, pusiste, puso, pusimos, pusieron

saber: supe, supiste, supo, supimos, supieron
pret/imp. meaning changes

no querer
pret. acted upon the sedire not to

imp. didn't want to... but perhaps did
Ser/Estar
With adjectives to express characteristics of the subject such as sie, color, and shape?
Ser
Ser/Estar
With the past participle to express the passive voice?
Ser
FUTURE TENSE IRREGULARS!
haber
poder
querer
saber
haber: habr-
poder: podr-
querer: querr-
saber: sabr-
VERBS like gustar - meaning

caer bien
encantar
faltar
caer bien: to like (a person)

encantar: to love, to be enchanting

faltar: to lack, miss, to be lacking
PAST PARTICIPLE irregulars (& meaning)
escribir
hacer
imprimir
ir
escribir = escrito = written
hacer = hecho = done, made
imprimir = impreso = printed
ir = ido = gone
Meaning of PLUPERFECT constructions....
HAD _______d

ex: Mis hermanos habi'an dominado.

* My brothers had dominated.
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

bueno/a
ser: to be good, kind

estar: to be good(tasting), in good condition
Adjective placement
before noun/ after noun

cierto/a
before: certain (particular)

after: certain (sure)
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

propio/a
before: own

after: proper
PAST PARTICIPLE irregulars (& meaning)
escribir
hacer
imprimir
ir
escribir = escrito = written
hacer = hecho = done, made
imprimir = impreso = printed
ir = ido = gone
PRETERIT irregulars
hacer
querer
venir
hacer: hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron

querer: quise, quisiste, quiso, quisimos, quisieron

venir: vine, viniste, vino, vinimos, vinieron
pret/imp. meaning changes

saber
pret. beginning of knowing about it

imp. knew (knew a fact)
Ser/Estar
With preposition "de" to indicate origin or possession or material?
Ser
Ser/Estar
to indicate the location of objects/persons?
Estar
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

divertido/a
ser: to be funny

estar: to be amused
FUTURE TENSE IRREGULARS!
poner
salir
tener
venir
poner: pondr-
salir: saldr-
tener: tendr-
venir: vendr-
VERBS like Gustar - meaning
caer mal
fascinar
hacer falta
caer mal: to dislike (a person)

fascinar: to be fascinated by (lit. to be fascinating)

hacer falta: to need, to be needed
Adjective placement
before/after noun

dichoso/a
before: darned

after: lucky, happy
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

puro/a
before: sheer

after: pure
Ser/Estar
with progressive constuctions (ndo)
Estar
Verbs like Gustar - meaning
impresionar
interesar
molestar
impresionar: to be impressed (to be impressive)
interesar: to be interested in (to be interesting)
molestar: to be a bother (to be bothersome)
PAST PARTICIPLE irregulars (&meaning)
morir
poner
resolver
romper
morir = muerto = dead
poner = puesto = put, placed
resolver = resuelto = resolved
romper = roto = broken
Ser/Estar
To indicate where/when events take place?
Ser
SUBJUNCTIVE verb endins -AR verbs
-e
-es
-e
-emos
-en
PAST PARTICIPLE irregulars (& meaning)
volver
ver
volver = vuelto = returned
ver = visto = seen
PRETERIT irregulars
decir
traer
haber
Decir: dije, dijiste, dijo, dijimos, dijeron

Traer: traje, trajiste, trajo, trajimos, trajeron

Haber: hubo
pret/imp. meaning changes

tener
pret. beginning of having

imp. had... possessed usually
Ser/Estar
To express dates, days of the week, months, seasons...
Ser
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

listo/a
ser: to be clever

estar: to be ready
SUJUNCTIVE verb endings -ER/IR verbs
-a
-as
-a
-amos
-an
Adjective placement
before/after noun

grande (gran)
before: great, impressive

after: large
Adjective placement
before/after noun

viejo/a
before: former, long-standing

after: old, aged
-AR verb endings IMPERFECT
-aba
-abas
-aba
-a'bamos
-aban
pret/imp. meaning changes

tener que
pret. had to... acted upon it

imp. had to... and has not done it yet
Verbs like Gustar - meaning
parecer
quedar
parecer: to seem

quedar: to have remaining, left over (to be remaining)
CORRECTION

Meaning of FUTURE TENSE constructions:
WILL HAVE ______d

ex: Mis padres habra'n enviado la tarjeta postal.
* My parents WILL HAVE SENT the postcard.
Ser/Estar
To express time
Ser
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

malo/a
ser: to be bad, evil

estar: to be sick, ill
-ER/IR verb endings IMPERFECT
-i'a
-i'as
-i'a
-i'amos
-i'an
pret/imp. meaning changes

costar
pret. and I bought it

imp. implies not bought
IMPERFECT irregulars
ir
ir:
iba
ibas
iba
i'bamos
iban
Ser/Estar
with preposition "para" to tell for whom or for what something is intended?
Ser
Diff meaning SER/ESTAR

guapo/a
ser: to be handsome

estar: to look handsome
Adjective Placement
before/after noun

medio/a
before: half

after: middle, average
PLUPERFECT constructions
habi'a
habi'as
habi'a + past participle
habi'amos (ex: comido)
habi'an
IMPERFECT irregular
ser
Ser:
era
eras
era
e'ramos
eran
Ser/Estar
with preposition "para" to tell for whom or for what something is intended?
Ser
Ser/Estar
with adjectives to express a physical or mental/emotional state or condition of the subject
Estar
DIff meaning SER/ESTAR

bonito/a
Ser: to be pretty

Estar: to look pretty
SUBJUNCTIVE irregulars
dar
estar
haber
dar: de', des, de', demos, den

estar: este', este's, este', estemos, este'n

haber: haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayan
PAST PARTICIPLE verb ending
-AR
-ER/IR verbs
-AR: -ado
ex: tomar = tomado = taken

-ER/IR : -ido
ex: comer = comido = eaten