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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Activities of Daily Life
eating, bathing, toileting, walking, and dressing.
Adolescent egocentrism
the tendency of adolescents to focus on themselves to the exclusion of others.
Ageism
prejudice against the aged - preventing elderly from being as happy and productive as they could be.
Alzheimer's disease
common form of dementia characterized by plaques and tangles in the cerebral cortex.
Analytic intelligence
mental processes that foster efficient learning.
Antithesis
an idea opposing the thesis.
Average life expectancy
years newborn is expected to live within a particular population.
B cells
creates antibodies that attack bacteria and viruses.
Bickering
petty, peevish arguing, usually repeated and ongoing.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
weight divided by height.
Cataracts
thickening of the lens of the eye.
Cellular errors
the inability for cells to replicate themselves exactly, allowing aging.
Chronological age
actual physical age.
Climacteric
three years before and after menopause.
Common couple violence
abusive relationship that tends to improve with time and/or counseling.
Compression of morbidity
limiting the time a person is ill.
Control processes
strategies for retaining and retrieving information.
Creative intelligence
intelligence that involves the capacity to be intellectually flexible and innovative.
Crystallized intelligence
the accumulation of facts, information, and knowledge.
Deductive reasoning
thinking that moves from premise to specific conclusion.
Dementia
severely impaired thinking, memory, or problem-solving ability.
Demography
the study of population numbers.
Dependency ratio
ratio of self-sufficient, productive adults to dependents - elderly and children.
Dialectical thought
thinking that involves the consideration of both poles of an idea and their reconciliation, or synthesis, in a new idea.
Disability
the inability to perform normal activities.
Disenfranchised grief
the practice of excluding certain people from mourning.
Drug use
the ingestion of a drug, regardless of amount or effect.
Ecological niche
lifestyle and social context compatible with personality needs and interests for adults.
Elderspeak
resembles baby talk, simple short sentences, exaggerated emphasis, slower rate, higher pitch, repetitive.
Elisabeth Kubler Ross
brought scholarly research and compassionate attention to the psychological needs of the dying people.
Emptying the nest
the time at which all dependents move out of the house.
E. Erikson
a theorist who study the importance of identity.
Expertise
specialized competence.
Explicit memory
easy to retrieve, usually with words. Words, data and concepts.
Familism
the belief that family unity is more important than freedom and success.
Fluid intelligence
flexible reasoning used to draw inferences.
Foreclosure
premature identity formation in adolescents.
Frail elderly
over 65, physically infirm, very ill, or cognitively impaired.
Functional age
age at which the body and mind function.
Gateway drugs
drugs whose use increases the risk of later using harder drugs.
Gateways to attraction
various qualities that are prerequisites for the formation of close friendships and intimate relationships.
Gender crossover
an actual switching of roles and traits later in life.
General intelligence
one basic trait, underlying all cognitive abilities.
Generation gap
differences between the younger and older generations.
Generational stake
family members in different developmental stages see the family in different ways.
Geriatrics
medical specialty devoted to aging.
Gerontology
the study of old age.
Glass ceiling
an invisible barrier to career advancement.
Glaucoma
hardening of the eyeball due to the buildup of fluid.
Grand parenthood - Remote
honored and respected from a distance
Grand parenthood - Involved
active in seeing grandchildren on a daily basis.
Grand parenthood - Companionate
characterized by independence and friendship; a relationship sought by most grandparents.
Growth spurt
a sudden, uneven, and somewhat unpredictable jump in the size of almost every part of the body.
Heterogamy
marriage between people with dissimilar interests and backgrounds.
Homeostasis
a state of physiological equilibrium.
Homogamy
marriage between people with similar interests and backgrounds.
Hormone replacement therapy
treatment to compensate for hormone reduction at menopause or following surgical removal of the ovaries.
Identity
a unique and consistent, self-definition, based on roles, attitudes, beliefs, and aspirations.
Identity achievement
an individual's self-definition.
Identity diffusion
the individual has a few commitments to goals or values.
Imaginary audience
a creation of adolescents, who are preoccupied with how others react to their appearance and behavior.
Implicit memory
unconscious or automatic memory.
Incidence
how often a particular behavior or circumstance occurs.
Infertility
failure to conceive a child after a year or more of intercourse w/o contraception.
Instrumental Activies of Daily Life
actions that require intellectual competence and forethought.
Intimate terrorism
abusive relationship that leads to battered-wife syndrome.
In vitro fertilization
fertilization of ova outside the body.
Invincibility fable
adolescents feel immune to the consequences of dangerous behavior.
Kinkeeper
ensures that relatives maintain contact; individual focuses more on the family.
Life review
putting one's life into perspective; elderly's examination of past life.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging, success and esteem, and self-actualization.
Maximum life span
oldest age to which members of the same species can live under ideal circumstances. (120 years)
Menarche
onset of menstruation in females.
Menopause
the cessation of ovulation and menstruation.
Midlife crisis
a period of unusual anxiety, radical reexamination, and sudden transformation associated with middle age.
Morbidity rate
rate of disease in a given population.
Mortality rate
number of death per year.
Multi infarct dementia
temporary obstructions of blood vessels, preventing sufficent blood from reaching the brain causing dementia.
Negative identity
an identity opposite of the one an adolescent is expected to adopt.
Obesity
a BMI of 30 or more.
Organ reserve
extra capacity for responding to stressful events.
Parasuicide
self-destructive act that does not result in death.
Parental monitoring
awareness of where children are and what they are doing.
Parkinson's disease
characterized by muscle tremors and rigidity, and sometimes dementia; caused by reproduction of dopamine in brain.
Peer pressure
social pressure from peers that makes adolescents do things that they otherwise would not do.
Personal fable
adolescents imagine their own lives as unique, heroic, or even legendary.
J. Piaget
a theorist that believes that formal operational thought is the last stage of cognitive development.
Practical intelligence
intellectual skills used in everyday problem solving.
Prevalence
how widespread within a population a particular behavior or circumstance is.
Primary aging
universal changes that occur as we age.
Primary sex characteristics
the sex organs involved in reproduction.
Puberty
period of rapid physical growth and sexual maturation that ends childhood.
Role
an obligation held by a person such as wife or mother.
Role buffering
achievement in one role reduces the impact of disappointments in other roles.
Role overload
stress of multiple obligations.
Sandwich generation
those pressured by the needs of the older and younger generations.
Secondary aging
age-related changes that are caused by health habits, genes, and other conditions.
Secondary sex characteristics
physical characteristics not invoved in reproduction.
Senescence
age-related decline.
Senile macular degeneration
deterioration of the retina.
Set point
a weight settling point that the body tries to maintain.
Social clock
the culturally set timetable at which key life events are deemed appropriate.
Social homogamy
the similarity with which a couple regard leisure interests and role preferences.
Spermarche
first ejaculation containing sperm by males.
Subcortical dementia
brain disorders that do not directly involve thinking and memory.
Suicide
ending one's own life.
Suicidal ideation
contemplation of suicide.
Synthesis
a new idea that integrates both the original thesis and its opposite.
T cells
attack infected cells and strengthen other aspects of the immune system's functioning.
Thesis
a new idea.
Vitality
a measure of health that refers to how healthy or energetic a person actually feels.
Wear-to-tear theory
the idea that the body wears out because of the passage of time and exposure to environmental stressors.
Wisdom
a cognitive perspective characterized by a broad, practical, comprehensive approach to life's problems, reflecting timeless truths rather than immediate expediency.