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12 Cards in this Set

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Thomas Hobbes
Fear keeps order--order is the key
Accept almost anything over CAOS

Hobbes believed in the POWER OVER AW
NICCOLO MACAVELLI
LEADERS--ADVICE FOR HIS KING
ONE NEEDS TO AVOID BEING HATED AND DESPISED

FEAR IS WHAT HOLDS SOCIETY TOGETHER
FOX AND LION
SLY AS A FOX FIERCE AS A LION
DEFENSELESS AGAINST A WOLF--DEFENSELESS AGAINST A TRAP
BERNARD MANDEVILLE
-IN ORDER FOR SOCIETY TO PROSPER WE
-NEED PETTY CRIMES
-PROSPERITY EXISTS BECAUSE OF SOCIAL FLAWS--INCREASES GROSS ECONOMIC PRODUCT
-NO INTERVENTION
-SELF INTEREST
Jeremy Benthum
Utilitarian
society should be about achieving the greatest good for the greatest number of people
Aguste Comte
Everything is predicable and inevitable
no one is free

Coined word Sociology
our choices and results directed by the past
3 stages of history --theological, traditional, metaphysical
Thomas Malthus
Poverty is the result of law and nature
production increases population increases--only the fit individuals
will survive--less fit starve
homo economicus
liberalism--rational
Gods moral retribution
James Mill
Utilitarian
descipel of Benthum
James Mill
natural law is what is and what should be
laissez-faire liberalism--no gov't interference
tradition of empirical research
full range of human emotion is necissary--right thinking isn't enough
Rational approach ==Reason
Charles Darwin
Evolution-natural selection-Survival of the fittest
Natural Law--those that fit in the environment, prosper
things happen gradually--uniforiums
Herbert Spencer
social evolutionist
economic competition determines who is fit and who isn't
the wealthy are "heros-most fit
deserve everything they have--poor only themselves to blame
no regulation of any kind
simplicity to complexity
Karl Marx
Classical Theorist
Communism/socialist=wealth equality
Bourgeoisie
Feudalist will uprise and take over the bourgeoisei
every condition carries w/in itself the seeds of its own destruction
Emile Durkheim
concerned with what makes society stable
social contract=trust must exist for the contract to work
collective consciousness/conscience
force of culture/ normative regulations
Suicide study
regulation was very low anomie
integration too low fatalistic
integration too high egoistic
organic solidarity--dependent on everyone
social solidarity --crime--clarifying values by persecuting group norms