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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 Types of Formal Organizations
1.Normative-fulfill personal satisfaction-not monetary-address community needs
2.Coercive-involuntary-locked doors, set regimes
3.Utilitarian-monetary, connected to prestige/status-beaurocracy is ideal style
Max Weber
Analyzed "classic characteristics" of bureaucracies
6 Key Features of Bureaucracies
1. Division of Labor-fulfill positions with job descriptions
2. Hierarchy-"chain of command"
3. Rules/Regs.-actions governed, no ind. decisions
4. Impersonal-Ops. are instrumental goals, not expressive needs
5. Career advancement-education, experience, tests
6. Efficiency-coordination of activities
3 Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
1. Rigid/Fixed-leads to inefficiency, very few in control
2. Resist change-policy must be illegal
3. Perpetuate inequalty-structure keeps people in lower positions
"Glass Cieling"
Invisible barrier to promotion
Affirmative Action
60's Lyndon Johnson created because of patterns of exclusion
Over 50% managerial positions held by white men, while white women held under 30% but represent over 50% of population
William Sumner
In/Out Groups - People are socially isolated
any behavior that violates rules and norms
3 Features of Deviance
1. Social context over ind. behavior- study in terms of groups, not ind. acts
2. Devaince is cult. specific
3. Rules/Norms are socially constructed and by response of others to behavior
William Chamblis
"Saints and Roughnecks"-13-15 yrs of age types of crimes are petty. social class determined punishment
Social Construction of Deviance
deviance influenced by society
Agents of Socialization
Shape behavior, some deviance is merely a rational adaptation to a situation (SF)
Emile Durkeim (Suicide Study)
Causes of suicide lie in social fawctors, not psycological-suicide rates change over time and place
Emile Durkeim
Deviance is necessary:
Clarifies rules/norms
Unites societies
Promotes social change