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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Socialization
Transmission of physical, mental, and social skills necessary for survival. It's a lifelong process by which people learn the expectations of society.
Roles
The set of expected behaviors associated with a given status.
Social Context
Life experiences
Agents of Socialization
Family, Mass media, Peers, Religion, Sports, Schools
4 Stages of Development
Sensory motor (0-2)
Preoperational (3-6)
Concrete Operational (7-11)
Formal (12-90)
3 Stages of Socialization
"I" Imitation
"Me" Assume roles of meaningful ind.
"Self" Multiple roles
Group
2 or more individuals who interact/communicate and share goals, norms, and identities, as well as a sense of belonging.
Category
2 or more people who share common characteristics but may never interact
Formal Organizations
Highly structured, exist to pursue a goal
Statuses
Social position that carries with it a level of prestige
Status Set
The many statuses a person may occupy at one time
2 Types of Statuses
Ascribed - born with
Achieved - Voluntary
Master Status
Overrides all other statuses
Role Conflict
Demands on multiple roles (prioritization)
Role Strain
Multiple demands on one role
Social Construction of Reality
What is real/truth is not universal (Created through interaction, subjective meaning)
Social exchange/Game theory
Interaction determines rewards/consequences
Exchange must be equal
Promotes conformity
Cyberspace Interaction
Eliminated facial expressions, gestures, demeanor, space proximity, and body language.
Different set of norms
New subculture
4 Categories of Nonverbal Communication
Tactile, Paralinguistic, Body Language, Proximity
Macro-Level Sociology
Societies not only determined by cultural characteristics, but also social institutions
Seen Indirectly through impact of institutions while micro is directly observed
5 Purposes of Social Institutions
Socialization, Production, Replacement, Mainenance of society, Provision of members with purpose
3 Types of Social Stratification
Slavery, Caste, Class
Social Structure
The way a society is arranged
2 Types of Social Solidarity
Mechanical solidarity: ind. play same roles, less division. Less complex
Organic Solidarity: Interdependence, multiple roles, more complex
2 Types of Groups
Primary, Secondary
Reference Groups
Groups you may or may not belong to but use as a reference or standard
Ingroups/Outgroups
Us. Vs. Them
3 Dimensions of In/Out Groups
Improper behavior of out is observed from in attribute it to inherency
When behavior is exibited by in member, outgroup
If out member acts outrageously, deviant, same by in - praised
Jean Piajet
Activity over experience
4 Stages of Development
Charles Horton Cooley
Symbolic Interactionist
"Looking Glass Self"
Development through interaction
Primary, Secondary groups
George Herbert Mead
Symbolic Interactionist
3 Stages of Socialization
UOC
Erving Goffman
Symbolic Interactionist
Dramaturgy
Front/Backstage behavior and props
Impression Management
Portrayal of oneself to desired image
Harold Garfinkel
Symbolic Interactionist
Ethnomethodology -Expectations will be carried out b'c of shared consensus
Emile Durkeim
2 Types of Social Solidarity
Macro Level
Georg Simmel
Symbolic Interactionist
Small group dynamics
Diad, Triad
Tom Pettigrew
Attribution Theory
Ind. create a distorted perception of motives, abilities, morals