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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the scientific study of population
unit of social organization, either spatial or political, that gives people a sense of belonging
state of complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absense of disease and infirmity
the study of the distribution of disease, impairment, and general health stats across a population
social epidemiology
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture
social change
organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society
social movements
the period of maladjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still struggling to adapt to new matieral conditions
culture lag
cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires
chemical and biological agents being used intentionally as weapons of mass destruction
a formal process of learning in which some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner
standards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools
hidden curriculum
an increase in the lowest level of education needed to enter a field
the practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria
the impact that a teacher's expectations about a student's performance may have on the studen's actual achievements (interactionist view on education)
teacher-expectancy effect
the ability to exercise one's will over others
the actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one's will on others
the exercise of power through a process of persuasion
power that has been institutionalized and is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised
type of authority where legitimate power is conferred by custom and accepted practice
traditional authority
power made legitimate by law by the written rules and regulations of a political system
legal-rational authority
power made legitimate by a leader's exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers (joan of arc)
charismatic authority
an economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands, and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits
the means of production and distribution in a society are collectively rather than privately owned
the systematic, widespread withdrawal of investment in basic aspects of productivity, such as factories and plants
a condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power
social inequality
a structured ranking of entire groups of peoplle that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society
an inclusive term encompassing all of a person's material assets, including land, stocks, and other types of property
as subservient countries make economic advances, they remain weak compared to the core nations because of redistribution of resources
dependency theory
the worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets
the far-reaching process through which developing nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies
the process by which people come to define a group or race based on physical, historical, cultural and economic factors
social construction
a negative attitude toward an entire catigory of people
organized patterns of beliefs and behavior centered on meeting basic social needs
social institutions