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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a racial or ethnic group that is subjected to prejudice and discrimination
a group of people who are percieved b a given society to be biologically different from others
two problems with the white-Asian-black category of race
1. some groups fit into none of those categories (Indian, blond Aboriginals, etc)
2. There is no such thing as a pure race
ethnic group
a collection of people who share a distinctive cultural heritage. May share a language, reliion, history, or national origin. (Jews, Polish Americans)
a negative attitude toward a certain category of people
an unfavorable action against individuals that is taken because they are members of a certain category
American dilemma
the discrepancy between the ideal of equality and the reality of discrimination
glass ceiling
the prejudiced belief that keeps minority professionals from holding leadership positions (especially victimizes Asians and women)
prejudice or discrimination against Jews
the process by which a minority adopts the dominant group's culture as the culture of the larger society
the process by which the subcultures of various groups are blended together, forming a new culture
cultural pluralism
aka multiculturalism, the peaceful coexistence of various racial and ethnic groups, each retaining its own culture
two types of assimilation
1. behavioral assimilation
2. structural assimilation
behavioral assimilation
the social situation in which the minority adopts the dominant group's language, values, and behavioral patterns
structural assimilation
the social condition in which the minority is accepted on equal terms with the rest of society (actually accepted, doesn't just adopt their culture)
he belief that one's own race or ethnicity is superior to that of others
two types of segregation
1. de jure segregation
2. de facto segregation
de jure segregation
segregation sanctioned by law
de facto segregation
segregation resulting from tradition and custom
the wholesale killing of members of a specific racial or ethnic group
conflict perspective take on ethnic relations
racial and ethnic relations can be negative, marked by racism, which tends to cause the dominating group to abuse minorities by segregating, expelling, and exterminating them
symbolic interactionist take on ethnic relations
the nature of intergroup interaction can be determined by the dominant group's perception of minorities
an oversimplified, inaccurate mental picture of others
unprejudiced nondiscriminators
believe in the U.S. creed of equality and put their belief into action; their attitude and behavior are consistent (all-weather liberals)
unprejudiced discriminators
discriminatory behavior is inconsistent with their unprejudicial attitude (fair-weather liberals)
prejudiced nondiscriminators
are afraid to express their prejudice through discrimination (fair-weather illiberals)
prejudiced discriminators
are deeply prejudiced against minorities and practice discrimination (all-weather illiberals)
institutionalized discrimination
the persistence of discrimination in social institutions that is not necessarily recognized by everybody as discrimination
blaming others for one's own failure; factor that causes prejudice and discrimination
four factors that cause prejudice and discrimination
1. scapegoating
2. socialization
3. economic (competing for jobs)
4. political (maintaining political power)
affirmative action
requires employers and colleges to make special efforts to recruit qualified minorities and women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities